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We went on an African Safari in Canberra at the National Zoo and Aquarium.

Photos taken by Nora Preston, except for the photos that I am in.

BENGAL TIGER (Panthera tigris tigris) is the most numerous of tiger subspecies.  By 2011 the total population was estimated at fewer than 2,500 individuals with a decreasing trend. Gestation: 104-106 days; Height: 90-110 cm (at shoulder); Mass: 1kg on average (newborn), 140kg (female) 220kg (male). Roams a wide range of habitats including high altitudes, tropical and subtropical rainforests, mangroves and grasslands.

BENGAL TIGER (Panthera tigris tigris) is the most numerous of tiger subspecies. By 2011 the total population was estimated at fewer than 2,500 individuals with a decreasing trend. Gestation: 104-106 days; Height: 90-110 cm (at shoulder); Mass: 1kg on average (newborn), 140kg (female) 220kg (male). Roams a wide range of habitats including high altitudes, tropical and subtropical rainforests, mangroves and grasslands.

 

LONG-NECKED TORTOISE

LONG-NECKED TORTOISE.  The Long-necked Tortoise has 4 legs, with clawed webbed feet and does not primarily live in the water.  They walk a fair bit across land and only feed in the water.  The difference between Turtles is that they have flippers and they do live primarily in water.  Turtles only leave the water to lay eggs and then return to the water.

GIRAFFE

GIRAFFE

SUNBEAR

SUNBEAR

PATTING AND FEEDING A LEOPARD SHARK

PATTING AND FEEDING A LEOPARD SHARK

PATTING AND FEEDING A TAWNY NURSE SHARK (Nebrius ferrugineus) is a species of carpet shark in the family Ginglymostomatidae and the only extant member of the genus Nebrius.  The most remarkable feature of the Tawny nurse shark is its ability to change colour between grey and sandy brown depending on the colour of its surroundings.  This is a nocturnal shark that usually forages for food at night and rests under reef overhangs and caves during the day.  At night the species feeds on a variety of bottom-dwelling lobsters, crabs, octopus and sea urchins as well as small fish.  The females give birth to up to eight live young that have hatched within the uterus.  Sharks feel like sandpaper and apparently sandpaper has been made out of shark skin, so make sure you check whether or not the next sandpaper you buy is made from shark skin, if it is, boycott it and don’t buy it.  Find sandpaper that is not made from sharks or any other animal products.  Don’t put your hands in the shark’s mouth when you are feeding them because you will get bitten as the shark goes for the food, as our personal guide found out.

PATTING AND FEEDING A TAWNY NURSE SHARK (Nebrius ferrugineus) is a species of carpet shark in the family Ginglymostomatidae and the only extant member of the genus Nebrius. The most remarkable feature of the Tawny nurse shark is its ability to change colour between grey and sandy brown depending on the colour of its surroundings. This is a nocturnal shark that usually forages for food at night and rests under reef overhangs and caves during the day. At night the species feeds on a variety of bottom-dwelling lobsters, crabs, octopus and sea urchins as well as small fish. The females give birth to up to eight live young that have hatched within the uterus. Sharks feel like sandpaper and apparently sandpaper has been made out of shark skin, so make sure you check whether or not the next sandpaper you buy is made from shark skin, if it is, boycott it and don’t buy it. Find sandpaper that is not made from sharks or any other animal products. Don’t put your hands in the shark’s mouth when you are feeding them because you will get bitten as the shark goes for the food, as our personal guide found out.

TAWNY NURSE SHARK CHANGES COLOUR FROM BROWN TO GREY.

TAWNY NURSE SHARK CHANGES COLOUR FROM BROWN TO GREY.

UP CLOSE AND PERSONAL WITH HYENAS (Hyaenidae Feliformia.  With only 4 extant species, it is the fifth-smallest biological family in the Carnivora, and one of the smallest in the class Mammalia, but is Africa’s most common large carnivore.  Mass: 68kg (Spotted hyena, Adult, Male, Zambia population)

UP CLOSE AND PERSONAL WITH HYENAS (Hyaenidae Feliformia). With only 4 extant species, it is the fifth-smallest biological family in the Carnivora, and one of the smallest in the class Mammalia, but is Africa’s most common large carnivore. Mass: 68kg (Spotted hyena, Adult, Male, Zambia population)

PAIR OF HYENAS

PAIR OF HYENAS

WHITE LION

WHITE LION

SUMATRAN TIGER (Panthera tigris sumatrae) is the smallest and a rare tiger subspecies that inhabits the Indonesian island of Sumatra.  It was classified as critically endangered by IUCN in 2008 as the population was estimated at 441 to 679.  The actual population maybe as low as 400 that are left in the wild with a dwindling population.

SUMATRAN TIGER (Panthera tigris sumatrae) is the smallest and a rare tiger subspecies that inhabits the Indonesian island of Sumatra. It was classified as critically endangered by IUCN in 2008 as the population was estimated at 441 to 679. The actual population maybe as low as 400 that are left in the wild with a dwindling population.

AFRICAN WILD DOG (Lycaon pictus) is a canid native to Sub-Saharan Africa. It is the largest of its family in Africa and the only member of the genus Lycaon which is distinguished from Canis by its fewer toes.

AFRICAN WILD DOG (Lycaon pictus) is a canid native to Sub-Saharan Africa. It is the largest of its family in Africa and the only member of the genus Lycaon which is distinguished from Canis by its fewer toes.

WHITE RHINOCEROS’ HAVING A DISAGREEMENT

WHITE RHINOCEROS’ HAVING A DISAGREEMENT

PATTING A WHITE RHINOCEROS

PATTING A WHITE RHINOCEROS

PIG-NOSE TURTLE (CARETTOCHELYS INSCULPTA) is vulnerable with a length of up to 70cm. the Turtle inhabits freshwater rivers in Australia and Papua New Guinea that lives primarily in water except when laying eggs on sandy river beds.  Their shell feels leathery because it is covered in skin instead of the hard scutes that most turtles have.  Turtles have flippers, Tortoises have 4 legs/clawed webbed feet/toes.

PIG-NOSE TURTLE (CARETTOCHELYS INSCULPTA) is vulnerable with a length of up to 70cm. the Turtle inhabits freshwater rivers in Australia and Papua New Guinea that lives primarily in water except when laying eggs on sandy river beds. Their shell feels leathery because it is covered in skin instead of the hard scutes that most turtles have. The difference between Turtles and Tortoises is that Turtles have flippers, Tortoises have 4 legs/clawed webbed feet/toes so that they can walk around on land, and swim in the water to have a feed.

I attended a meeting where a male person from the Government, Government Department who was a speaker claimed to be an expert in reptiles showing slides of them.  He may have been a Scientist.  He showed a slide of a Long-necked Tortoise and said that they live in the water and are turtles.  The tortoise was standing on land which I pointed out to him.  He angrily said that the tortoise was on land because he put it there to take the photo.  These are the people who don’t know what they are talking about who are lecturing, teaching, training the public in areas that they know absolutely nothing about.  How do these tortoises get run over on the road if they live in the water?  Show me their flippers and I will agree that the Tortoises are Turtles, but of course no one can do that either.

WARNING:  Protein from China used in animal and baby formula.

It is believed that the protein from China used in baby animal formula may be the cause of blindness in soft-furred animals as companies appear to be cost cutting and using inferior products.  Check the formula labels before buying them.  If they have China written on them, avoid them, and test the product for any contamination before using them.

I had this email sent to me asking me to further investigate this matter:

“…I was wondering,  if you have the latest information on Di-Vetelact, our Carers were having problems with animals getting cataracts.  

I believe the SHARPE  company was importing Protein from China, which we thought may have been the problem, are you aware if this is still the case.

I have emailed the company, but am not getting a reply.   We have also been warned about Biolac, M100, M 150 seems to be ok but trouble starts with M 200.  

My husband and I are elderly 83 and 80 years old and have been rearing joeys for 20 years, Possums, Wallabies and Eastern Greys.  

I’m using Wombaroo at the moment, but am not having the same  results, as when I used Divet. Joeys are slower in putting on weight, I am adding baby Farex to each bottle now, which is working, 1/4 tsp each bottle.  

Please if you can find the time, will you let me know if Di-Vet is safe again….”

I contacted Sharpe who advised me that they were getting their protein from New Zealand.  When I asked the Sharpe company manager/distributor where New Zealand was getting their protein from, he didn’t know. The problem is that wildlife have no lactose tolerance for cows milk or from any other animal that carries lactose that will kill them and it seems that the wildlife milk formula that we thought were safe do have cows milk powder included in the formula.

When I attempted to investigate Biolac, they didn’t answer my questions and instead sent me 2 threatening letters to gag me rather than trying to resolve the blindness that their product is causing that does not appear to be suitable for soft-furred animals.  As mentioned in the correspondence above, these carers are having problems from M200 Biolac and up. To see the Photos of the effect on joeys eyes caused by Biolac click on this link: https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2013/03/16/wildlife-carers-group-news-galah-avoid-biolac-snakes-molonglo-new-tams-minister-more-17313/    

It was announced that this same protein from China will be used in baby formula, so check the labels on your baby formula and make sure that the protein from China isn’t on the label, if it is, don’t buy it, it’s not worth the risk.

GREYHOUND RACING CRUELTY USING LIVE PROTECTED NATIVE WILDLIFE AND OTHER LIVE ANIMALS AS BAIT

I judged the short film ‘Maiden’ and discovered the animal cruelty last year while judging the short films entered in the film awards.  Prosecute the greyhound owners, handlers, greyhound clubs, filmmakers of this film, the actors and the possum handler named in the film credits who were involved in tying up a baby possum/joey to a lure that dragged the joey on the ground for the greyhound that was then fed to the greyhound.  I wouldn’t be surprised if they really bashed the greyhound to death as well at the end of the film since greyhounds that don’t perform are tortured to death as well.  Director Stephen Kanaris, Producer Tahnee McGuire, Production Company: Hatch Film watched and filmed a baby possum being strapped to a mechanical lure while the greyhound ran after it. The lure was close to the ground as the possum could be seen being dragged along the ground. The greyhound was then allowed to rip the possum apart. The film was shot in Queensland, outer suburbs of Brisbane, with the filmmakers categorising the film as: “Anger, violence, immigration, isolation, animal cruelty”: http://www.shortfilmcentral.com/film/5449/ Please sign this petition for Animals Australia to shut down the violent Greyhound industry: http://www.greyhoundcruelty.com/?r=54eca134c80e3142479390854eca134c81c3

Please help by signing the 3 save the Kangaroos petitions. Please sign as individuals and SHARE through facebook, twitter, your friends, your family, your colleagues, your websites.  Thank you for all of your help. 1. http://www.gopetition.com/petitions/save-all-the-kangaroos.html 2. http://www.change.org/en-AU/petitions/chief-tams-ministers-stop-the-unlawful-violent-killing-of-protected-native-kangaroos 3. http://www.communityrun.org/petitions/stop-the-unlawful-violent-killing-of-protected-native-kangaroos

WILDLIFE CARERS GROUP WOULD LIKE TO THANK YOU FOR ALL OF YOUR SUPPORT IN 2014.

There can be no discrimination against our native wildlife, all native wildlife are precious to our Eco system, in assisting to maintain a healthy well balanced Eco system, and will be protected, and rehabilitated equally.

Wildlife Carers Group, the only local wildlife group with long term expertise and knowledge in our native wildlife, that will act on, and investigate animal cruelty/welfare/rights, and, as a community group, that also cares about our community, and the rights of our community groups. Wildlife Carers Group, the only local wildlife group helping to keep our state and country out of deficit, with no government funding, run solely by volunteers, that is keeping you in a job. Wildlife Carers Group, the only local wildlife group that trains work experience students.

NORA PRESTON (began rehabilitating wildlife in the early ’80′s.)

Founding President WCG – WILDLIFE CARERS GROUP INC. – Founded in 2004.

PO Box 3509

WESTON CREEK ACT 2611

Mob: 0406 056 099

Email: wildlife_carers_group@yahoo.com.au

Website: http://wcg.awardspace.com https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/?sn=l http://www.myspace.com/wcginc Check out http://www.myspace.com/wcginc and become a friend. We are also on Facebook, https://www.facebook.com/nora.preston.16 with photos included on the site, and become a friend.  If the link doesn’t work copy and paste it into your browser.  You need to have your own Facebook profile to see our posts.  You can now follow us and join us on Twitter http://twitter.com/wildlifecarersg/, http://canberra.climatexchange.org.au/wildlife-carers-group

25 February 2015

Support WCG. WCG is an independent, non profit, non government community based charity providing animal/wildlife care, rescue/rehabilitation and is also an animal/wildlife welfare group, providing protection for our wildlife/animals, run solely by volunteers, with no government funding, saving taxpayers money. WCG relies on donations from the public in order to carry out its work. If you would like to make a donation to WCG, please send a cheque/money order made payable to Wildlife Carers Group Inc. to PO Box 3509 , Weston Creek. ACT. 2611. AUSTRALIA . Or contact us by email wildlife_carers_group@yahoo.com.au or mobile: 0406 056 099 to discuss other alternatives. Thank you for all your support.

Aims and Objectives: To promote the general welfare and continued survival of native fauna and flora as an essential element of the environment, and specifically to undertake the specialised care necessary for the rehabilitation of orphaned, sick and injured native birds and other animals, to promote public awareness of the need to conserve existing wildlife species, and an understanding of their particular habitat and feeding requirements.

Support WCG. Become a WCG MEMBER, VOLUNTEER, WILDLIFE CARER, download the m/ship form from http://wcg.awardspace.com  and join up. Thank you for all your support. https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2013/12/30/wildlife-carers-group-news-301213/.

To see Wildlife Carers Group report and review of the documentary ‘Kangaroo Mob’ please click on these links: https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2012/02/08/wildlife-carers-group-attends-premiere-screening-of-360-degree-films-documentary-kangaroo-mob-on-7212-8212/ Published in theTasmanian Times please click on this link: http://tasmaniantimes.com/index.php?/pr-article/wildlife-carers-group-attends-premiere-screening-/

To view the amendments and Draft ACT Pest Animal Management Strategy 2011-2021 please click or copy and paste this link into your browser: AMENDMENTS DARTING CURRAWONGS RSPCA – DRAFT ACT PEST ANIMAL MANAGEMENT STRATEGY 2011-2021 « wildlifecarersgroup      

To see Wildlife Carers Group full 5-day report, of the training with the work experience student, Wildlife Carers Group Kangaroo Meat Testing, results: contaminated, etc Please click on this link https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2011/08/04/wildlife-carers-group-wcg-visit-to-callum-brae-nature-reserve-etc-full-5-day-work-experience-student-wes-placement-report-trained-by-wcg-founding-president-nora-preston-4-8-july-2011/?sn=l. To see Wildlife Carers Group Kangaroo Meat Testing, click on this link: https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2011/09/04/wildlife-carers-group-kangaroo-meat-testing-%e2%80%93-5-day-work-experience-student-4-8-july-2011/?sn=l ‘KANGAROOS AND DISEASES’, https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2011/08/04/kangaroos-and-diseases-notes-for-5-day-wes-4-8-july-2011/?sn=l This species maintains a healthy, well balanced eco system. You can help us make the necessary changes for our native protected Eastern Grey Kangaroos, by signing this petition, and circulating this for us http://www.gopetition.com/petitions/saveallthe-kangaroos.html .

In this article, interviewed on 15/4/10 that has now been removed, http://www.nowuc.com.au/2010/05/27/kangaroo-plan…/comment-page-1/  don fletcher from tams says thatkangaroos are not the main problem and in fact‘native grasses’ are not threatened with extinction, but other animals and plants are, and that “the biggest ‘contributor’ to the loss of the natural treeless grasslands of our region has been agriculture (by far)”. This statement is admitting to the flawed, dishonest kangaroo management plan, and russell watkinson’s media release, on Friday 18/6/10, that blames the kangaroos for driving legless lizards, earless dragons, etc, and the deteriorating grasslands and woodlands to extinction, by eating all the grasses, when fletcher admits that the native grasses are not threatened by the kangaroos, but by human activity, including toxic sprays.

Please check out this link http://www.canberratimes.com.au/news/local/news/general/roo-best-custodian-for-some-plants/1652005.aspx , that was in the Canberra times on 17/10/09, that completely refutes the allegations against the roos destroying grasslands, that was sent to maxine cooper, that were also ignored. The report is by Julie Lindner, who has also been studying the grasslands and the roos for the past 20 years, which backs up what I’ve been saying all along. http://www.canberratimes.com.au/news/local/news/general/roo-best-custodian-for-some-plants/1652005.aspx, with a more recent article in the Chronicle in the ‘letters to the editor’ section, titled ‘culling controversy’ p.23, 14/6/11.

Please click on this link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JUZrKj6ClBg  ‘KANGAROO CHILLER BOX INVESTIGATION’/’KANGAROOS ON TRACK TO EXTINCTION’, that contains the cruel bashing to death of roos that are shot, but not directly killed, hung up while still alive, and left suffering, trembling as they hang, tortured to death, and joeys bashed to death, possibly attempting to decapitate the joeys head on the back of the truck with several blows.

Please click on this link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zbn3c8EcNRk&feature=related , so called controlled government butchering, you will note that the kangaroos are still alive when hung up, suffering, AND BEING TORTURED TO DEATH, the male is laughing at the cruelty he has just inflicted on this kangaroo, a joey stomped to death, even the child stomps on it as he walks past following his father, orphaned joeys hopping around, left to starve to death, a joey bashed till its eyes popped out, but is still alive, suffering, a prolonged death, and the male admitting that these are protected species. Native protected animals called pests, the very same native animals that maintain a healthy well balanced eco system. The code of practice that the shooter refers to is inhumane, and unacceptable, as witnessed in this video footage. Kangaroos are not fit for human or dog consumption, heavily contaminated with various diseases/harmful bacterias, e.coli, salmonella, staphylococcus, streptococcus, toxoplasmosis, preserved illegally with sulphur dioxide that causes thiamine deficiency, (a white crystalline solid forming part of the vitamin B complex, C12H17CIN4OS; a vitamin (B1), required by the nervous system, absence of which causes beri-beri and other disorders), causing death, intake of pesticide spraying to control locusts, etc. Keep watching till it stops, keep an eye on the timer, next to the speaker symbol, length 10:59. There are more links on youtube to show the facts on the extreme cruelty committed to our native protected macropods.

Possum abattoir http://www.engagemedia.org/Members/HuonEnviroCentre/videos/possumdeath.wmv/view, Possum Abattoir – Lenah Game Meats, Tasmania — EngageMedia These animals are still alive and awake, when going through the abattoir’s chute processing system, dropped on top of one another, through a swinging door, to go through to the next phase, with several possums piled on top of one another, into the same boxes, when delivered to the abattoir, (possums are extremely territorial,) females with joeys, butchered, and bashed to death. Please Help stop these extreme acts of animal cruelty and export. You can help stop these extreme acts of animal cruelty to these possums by adding the above link to the possum abattoir and lodging your submissions by 23/4/10, to wta@environment.gov.au , wildlife.enq@dpipwe.tas.gov.au and click on link http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/trade-use/invitecomment/brushtail-possum.html  Submissions are now closed. This species maintains a healthy well balanced eco system. To see the full report on Wildlife Carers Group possum rescue, possum boxes and investigating dog neglect, please click on this link: https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2012/02/19/wildlife-carers-group-possum-rescue-and-investigating-dog-crueltyneglect-reported-to-us-19212/

Dingoes Following Wildlife Carers Group Investigation and Report on the Fraser Island Dingoes, on 29/8/11, on 5/9/11, the Liberal National Party (LNP) has committed to ensuring the long term survival of the Fraser Island Dingoes, click this link to read the LNP’s commitments: http://www.lnp.org.au/policies/queenslands-precious-wildlife-the-fraser-island-dingo. Please click this link to view Wildlife Carers Group follow up on Fraser Island Dingoes Driven to Extinction Report: https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2011/08/29/fraser-island-dingoes-driven-to-extinction/?sn=l, https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2011/09/06/wildlife-carers-group-investigation-and-report-on-the-fraser-island-dingoes-qld-liberal-national-party-takes-action-to-protect-fraser-island-dingoes/?sn=l Terminating the rangers from their jobs, who are responsible for the inhumane treatment of dingoes on Fraser Island , http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xSSaknF6Wnw&feature=youtu.be , who are starving them to death, mismanaging them, mistreating them, will prevent driving these spectacular native wildlife species to extinction, and help end acts of animal cruelty. Changing the Qld government legislation and constitution, to humanely conserve this species, and their habitat. Erecting GIVE WAY to DINGOES/WILDLIFE Signs. We can see their marine life up and down the Qld coast, however, the only unique sighting that Fraser Island can boast about, and can offer to the tourists, is the pure breed native Dingoes, once the last 90 odd Dingoes, population estimation as of 28-29 August 2011, (since the mismanaged Fraser Island fire by the Qld government, this Dingo population has more than likely dropped dramatically), that are left on the Island are driven to extinction, through arrogance, mismanagement and mistreatment, Fraser Island will have nothing left to offer to the huge tourist trade it currently holds, which will end Fraser Island tourism. This species maintains a healthy well balanced eco system.

To read Wildlife Carers Group report on WILDLIFE CARERS GROUP VISIT TO TASMANIA in the Tasmanian Times, please click on this link, http://tasmaniantimes.com/index.php?/pr-article/wildlife-carers-group-visit-to-tasmania/ Wildlife Carers Group report on our visit to Tasmania can be seen on this link: https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2012/01/02/wildlife-carers-group-visit-to-tasmania-wildlife-being-driven-to-extinction-wildlife-care-2112/

To read Wildlife Carers Group report on Tortoise cruelty and removing the fish hook, and in the Tasmanian Times please click on this link: https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2012/01/29/wildlife-carers-group-seeking-any-information-on-animal-cruelty-to-a-long-necked-tortoise-rescued-on-australia-day-26112-after-the-fireworks-tasmanian-visit-published-in-tt-link-fraser-island-ding/ Wildlife Carers Group report on Tortoise cruelty was published in the Tasmanian Times, to read it please click on this link: http://tasmaniantimes.com/index.php?/pr-article/cruelty-to-a-long-necked-tortoise/

For information on snakes, identification, tips, first aid please click on this link: https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2011/08/04/snakes-information-identification-tips-first-aid-notes-for-wes-4-8-july-2011/ For information on some Beaked Whales, Gray’s and Arnoux’s Beaked Whale; King Brown Snake, Eastern Brown Snake, Photos of Red-bellied Black Snake please click on this link: https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2012/02/27/long-beaked-whale-in-tasmania-king-brown-snake-in-canberra-28212/ Also Published in the Tasmanian Times please click on this link: http://tasmaniantimes.com/index.php?/pr-article/wildlife-carers-group-thank-you-for-all-your-support-in-2011/

Disclaimer: WCG and the author do not assume or accept any responsibility and shall not be liable for the accuracy or appropriate application of the information contained in this letter/email/blog/report/article.

WILDLIFE CARERS GROUP NEWS. HAVE A SAFE MAGICAL XMAS & NEW YEAR IN 2015 – 22/12/14

WILDLIFE CARERS GROUP NEWS 22/12/14

HAVE A SAFE MAGICAL XMAS & NEW YEAR IN 2015

Thank you to all of you for all of your support in 2014.

Emails have not been sent out throughout the year because of being very busy, however posts have been posted to social media. Please do check out our Social Media for updates: https://www.facebook.com/nora.preston.16 with photos included on the site, and become a friend. You have to have your own profile to view these posts that are set for public viewing.

You can now follow us and join us on Twitter http://twitter.com/wildlifecarersg/.

I have had a busy year in 2014 fighting for wildlife, wildlife habitat and animal welfare starting it off by going out to a NSW Wheat and Sheep farm in a 40 degree heat in January 2014. Animal welfare was a serious issue on this farm that was over stocked with not enough food and water for the amount of sheep on it. We had to drag 2 rams out of the water hole that they were stuck in that had turned into mud, with both of them badly injured. Farmers are not properly prepared to humanely remove livestock that are stuck in their mud holes. The farmer wanted to leave them there to die from their injuries with no water and food, the licks he left there were untouched. I insisted we take them back to the shed where they were hosed down and given water to drink. Vets don’t appear to be called in to treat the injured livestock and to save them. Another ram’s horns were stuck in the fence that we had to rescue. As we drove around the large property and paddocks in the farm Ute, with 3 dogs exposed to the 40 degree heat on the back of the open Ute, dead sheep lay on the ground with mud holes everywhere and the paddocks were dust bowls. He had a few cattle that were looked after a bit better that were kept in a grassed paddock with water. I insisted that he open up the paddock gates with no food or water in them to let the sheep into paddocks where there was food and water. I didn’t expect to see what I did, so I left my camera in the car back by the shed where my lip gloss completely melted, therefore, sorry, no photos. My concerns are that the majority of sheep and cattle farmers and other animal/livestock farmers treat their animals the same way with overcrowding, by overstocking and neglect that results in suffering and a prolonged agonising death to the livestock.

In January, 26/1/14 (Australia Day) https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2014/01/26/wildlife-carers-group-news-happy-australia-day-26114/, and 24 April 2014 we visited the National Zoo and Aquarium (NZ&A) and found that all the animals are very well looked after, clean and loved. All NZ&A photos taken by me on 24/4/14. All photos by NORA PRESTON.

24/4/14-Our very special close encounter with the native Dingoes before they were taken for a walk around the Zoo.

Fairy Penguins

Seahorses.

American Alligators-apex predators and feed off fish, reptiles, amphibians, birds and mammals.

Very relaxed White Lioness and Lion

Tree Kangaroos

19 May 2014 I attended the annual Voiceless Animal Law Lecture at the ANU that covered the Ag-gag Laws, where criminals who operate commercial agricultural facilities want to be able to continue to mistreat and torture animals to death without being detected and so target the undercover investigators, whistleblowers and journalists who intervene with the violence committed to then stop the violence towards the animals through media coverage. Ag-gag laws want to criminalise the undercover surveillance of their facilities, require that any footage must be turned over to police immediately rather than given to the media and force farm employees to disclose ties to animal protection groups. To learn more about the Ag-gag laws visit http://www.voiceless.org.au/aggag.

Will Potter is an award-winning independent journalist and public speaker based in Washington, D.C. who has written for several publications in animal and environmental law standing in the foreground. https://www.voiceless.org.au/sites/default/files/Abstract280214Final.pdf, In the background to your left is Tara Ward(Animal Lib, & one of the Founder’s of The Animal Defenders Office)

I attended a few days of the ACAT/Tribunal case against TAMS by Animal Liberation in their fight to stop the Kangaroo killing that after a long hard battle they unfortunately lost that still went ahead again in 2014, with laws still being broken with the lies sent out about the Kangaroos by the government in their media releases, deliberately misleading the public and the media, who continue to unlawfully torture our protected native wildlife to death, who are driving them to extinction, destroying the healthy well balanced eco system that the Kangaroos assist in maintaining.

I have assisted others in wildlife matters and have been busy in fighting for a better understanding, proper care and treatment for all of our native wildlife, along with a lot more work that is all too numerous for me to mention. We hope that our suffering wildlife under the ACT government will have a better year in 2015.

I have sent out posts on social media and today sent an email to Greg Hunt attempting to stop and ban the WA drum lines that are inhumanely and unnecessarily used to bait, catch and torture our poor sharks to death by the WA Government and Fisheries Dept. Feel free to write your own letters to Tony Abbott and Greg Hunt to help ban the drum lines and nets:

“To: greg.hunt.mp@environment.gov.au

On Monday, 22 December 2014, 16:03, Nora Preston <wildlife_carers_group@yahoo.com.au> wrote:

Good afternoon,

I draw your attention to the recent media release shark-drum-lines-set-off-warnbro-beach-as-hunt-for-tagged-great-white-continues  on WA Government and Fisheries Dept going back on their word to stop baiting innocent sharks that live in the water that is extremely inhumane.  https://au.news.yahoo.com/world/a/25827930/shark-drum-lines-set-off-warnbro-beach-as-hunt-for-tagged-great-white-continues/.

We ask you to urgently intervene and order the WA Government to remove all drum lines from the water and to leave this tagged shark alone.  We further ask you to urgently ban the use of drum lines and nets in the oceans and to replace them with the Shark Shield that is an electronic device that successfully deters sharks from entering the areas that you want to deem safe for the people.

In 1992 Valerie and Ron Taylor successfully tested the Shark Shield against the Great White Sharks and made the recommendation to remove all of the nets and to replace them with these electronic devices that was quite obviously ignored. Valerie and her now deceased husband (2012) Ron Taylor filmed a documentary to show how the deterrents worked.

I am quoting from the Shark Shield Wikipedia testing for your information with the link below some of the quotes from the report:

“…The original “SharkPOD” was tested for eight years off Dyer Island with mainly great white sharks, and was the first electronic device that was proven successful in deterring sharks when tested by Ron Taylor and Valerie Taylor in 1992 on sharks in Australia and South Africa with positive results—they made a documentary about it called “Shark POD”. Extensive field testing was conducted on the Shark Shield off Neptune Island, South Australia, using the FREEDOM4 and subsequently the FREEDOM7 by renowned wildlife documentary videographer, Ian “Shark” Gordon. Gordon personally tested the effectiveness of the device on a variety of particularly aggressive shark species, including black-tipped reef sharks, mako sharks, and great white sharks, by setting a tuna bait to attract the sharks while he was wearing a Shark Shield, and then videoing their hasty retreat as they approached within meters of the activated device.[8]…

All chondrichthyans have highly sensitive electrical receptors called the “Ampullae of Lorenzini” located in their snouts. These tiny gel filled sacs sense electrical current from prey at very close distances, typically less than one meter. They use these short range sensors when feeding or searching for food. They do not use electrical receptors to track animate objects over long distances; other senses such as audition and olfaction are the primary drivers.[3][4]

Shark Shield devices create an electrical waveform that creates an unpleasant sensation impacting the shark’s ‘Ampullae of Lorenzini’. When the shark comes into proximity of the electrical waveform (a few meters in diameter) it experiences uncontrollable muscular spasms causing it to flee the area.[5][6]

The field is projected from two electrodes, which create an elliptical field that surrounds the user. Both electrodes must be immersed in the water for the field to be created. Research conducted by The South African National Space Agency (SANSA) in 2012 estimated the Shark Shield electrical field to be approximately four to five meters in diameter.[7]

While sharks are attracted to electromagnetic pulses produced by potential prey animals, the electronic field emitted by the Shark Shield does not attract sharks to the device and therefore would not increase the risk of attracting sharks to the vicinity of the user. A shark’s sensory organs are acutely sensitive to low-voltage gradients (> 5 nVcm), enabling them to detect very low-frequency electronic fields of between 1–8 Hz at short range, after which the other senses (sight, chemoreception and mechanoreception) aid the shark in capturing its prey.[3][4] The range at which an electronic shark deterrent emits a field that is the equivalent of a prey-like stimulus (approx 1–100 nV/cm) is much further than their short range detection facilitates. Should a shark approach the device, the strength of the electric field will get stronger the closer it gets, and will soon cause the shark extreme discomfort, forcing it to turn away.

Scientific studies modelling this effect show that the output produced at a 3 meter distance is far greater than that produced by prey, and would drop off significantly beyond a 6 m radius, where it would be beyond the short range detection ability of a shark…”.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shark_Shield

I look forward to your response and urgent assistance in this matter.

We wish you all a safe and Magical Xmas and New Year for 2015.

Sincerely

NORA PRESTON
Founding President
WILDLIFE CARERS GROUPPO Box 3509

WESTON CREEK  ACT  2611

Mobile:  0406 056 099″

A similar email as above was also sent to Katrina Hodgkinson, NSW Minister for Primary Industries on the Sydney shark nets that catch Stingrays, Sharks and other marine life causing them a prolonged suffering death when they get caught up in the nets. https://au.news.yahoo.com/thewest/video/watch/25584934/shark-caught-in-bondi-nets/. A response from her Dept was received today 22/12/14, that wasn’t adequate, considering the years that they have had to ban the shark nets and to replace them with electronic devices to deter the sharks from entering certain areas.

Emails have been sent to the Ministers and Prime Minister to stop the trawlers from entering Australia scooping up all our marinelife and driving them to extinction, to stop the dredging and dumping at Abbot Point, etc.

On 1 March 2014 the biting flies began biting my old dog’s ears. 22 December 2014 the nasty flies are still at it when they normally leave by the end of winter. Use Bosistos antibacterial Tea Tree spray to heal and repel flies. I have had to further use personal insect repellant, since the flies return it seems after 10 minutes of spraying. I’m spraying my entire dog with both the Tea Tree spray and personal insect repellant. Make sure you cover up your old dogs eyes before spraying. A link with pictures on an article I wrote in 2012 to treat your dog:To read how to treat your old dogs to repel the flies and heal their bites please click on this link: https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2012/04/22/news-alertwitnessess-called-hit-and-run-brushtail-possum-april-flies-old-dogs-competition-bird-identified-22412/, or copy and paste link into your browser, and scroll down to APRIL FLIES-OLD DOGS.

Our Local Wombat running towards me for a cuddle and kiss

Our Local Wombat running towards me for a cuddle and kiss

The first 10 people to correctly Identify the pictured bird will win 10 free Wildlife Carers Group memberships. Please email your answers to wildlife_carers_group@yahoo.com.au. Wishing you all a safe and Magical Xmas and New Year in 2015.

WILDLIFE CARERS GROUP WOULD LIKE TO THANK YOU FOR ALL OF YOUR SUPPORT IN 2014.
WISHING ALL OF YOU A VERY SAFE AND MAGICAL XMAS & NEW YEAR FOR 2015.

https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2014/12/22/wildlife-carers-group-news-have-a-safe-magical-xmas-new-year-in-2015-221214/

There can be no discrimination against our native wildlife, all native wildlife are precious to our Eco system, in assisting to maintain a healthy well balanced Eco system, and will be protected, and rehabilitated equally.

Wildlife Carers Group, the only local wildlife group with long term expertise and knowledge in our native wildlife, that will act on, and investigate animal cruelty/welfare/rights, and, as a community group, that also cares about our community, and the rights of our community groups.

Wildlife Carers Group, the only local wildlife group helping to keep our state and country out of deficit, with no government funding, run solely by volunteers, that is keeping you in a job.

Wildlife Carers Group, the only local wildlife group that trains work experience students.

NORA PRESTON (began rehabilitating wildlife in the early ’80′s.)

Founding President
WCG – WILDLIFE CARERS GROUP INC. – Founded in 2004.
PO Box 3509
WESTON CREEK ACT 2611

Mob: 0406 056 099

Email: wildlife_carers_group@yahoo.com.au

Website:
http://wcg.awardspace.com

https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/?sn=l

http://www.myspace.com/wcgincCheck out http://www.myspace.com/wcgincand become a friend. We are also on Facebook, https://www.facebook.com/nora.preston.16 with photos included on the site, and become a friend.

You can now follow us and join us on Twitter http://twitter.com/wildlifecarersg/, http://canberra.climatexchange.org.au/wildlife-carers-group

22 December 2014

Support WCG. WCG is an independent, non profit, non government community based charity providing animal/wildlife care, rescue/rehabilitation and is also an animal/wildlife welfare group, providing protection for our wildlife/animals, run solely by volunteers, with no government funding, saving taxpayers money. WCG relies on donations from the public in order to carry out its work. If you would like to make a donation to WCG, please send a cheque/money order made payable to Wildlife Carers Group Inc. To PO Box 3509 , Weston Creek. ACT. 2611. AUSTRALIA . Or contact us by email wildlife_carers_group@yahoo.com.au
or mobile: 0406 056 099 to discuss other alternatives. Thank you for all your support.

Aims and Objectives: To promote the general welfare and continued survival of native fauna and flora as an essential element of the environment, and specifically to undertake the specialised care necessary for the rehabilitation of orphaned, sick and injured native birds and other animals, to promote public awareness of the need to conserve existing wildlife species, and an understanding of their particular habitat and feeding requirements.

Support WCG. Become a WCG MEMBER, VOLUNTEER, WILDLIFE CARER, download the m/ship form from http://wcg.awardspace.com  and join up. Thank you for all your support.

https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2013/12/30/wildlife-carers-group-news-301213/.

To see Wildlife Carers Group report and review of the documentary ‘Kangaroo Mob’ please click on these links:

https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2012/02/08/wildlife-carers-group-attends-premiere-screening-of-360-degree-films-documentary-kangaroo-mob-on-7212-8212/

Published in theTasmanian Times please click on this link: http://tasmaniantimes.com/index.php?/pr-article/wildlife-carers-group-attends-premiere-screening-/

To view the amendments and Draft ACT Pest Animal Management Strategy 2011-2021 please click or copy and paste this link into your browser: AMENDMENTS DARTING CURRAWONGS RSPCA – DRAFT ACT PEST ANIMAL MANAGEMENT STRATEGY 2011-2021 « wildlifecarersgroup      

To see Wildlife Carers Group full 5-day report, of the training with the work experience student, Wildlife Carers Group Kangaroo Meat Testing, results: contaminated, etc Please click on this link https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2011/08/04/wildlife-carers-group-wcg-visit-to-callum-brae-nature-reserve-etc-full-5-day-work-experience-student-wes-placement-report-trained-by-wcg-founding-president-nora-preston-4-8-july-2011/?sn=l.

To see Wildlife Carers Group Kangaroo Meat Testing, click on this link: https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2011/09/04/wildlife-carers-group-kangaroo-meat-testing-%e2%80%93-5-day-work-experience-student-4-8-july-2011/?sn=l

‘KANGAROOS AND DISEASES’, https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2011/08/04/kangaroos-and-diseases-notes-for-5-day-wes-4-8-july-2011/?sn=l

This species maintains a healthy, well balanced eco system.

You can help us make the necessary changes for our native protected Eastern Grey

Kangaroos, by signing this petition, and circulating this for us http://www.gopetition.com/petitions/saveallthe-kangaroos.html .

In this article, interviewed on 15/4/10, http://www.nowuc.com.au/2010/05/27/kangaroo-plan…/comment-page-1/  don fletcher from tams says thatkangaroos are not the main problem and in fact‘native grasses’ are not threatened with extinction, but other animals and plants are, and that “the biggest ‘contributor’ to the loss of the natural treeless grasslands of our region has been agriculture (by far)”.

This statement is admitting to the flawed, dishonest kangaroo management plan, and russell watkinson’s media release, on Friday 18/6/10, that blames the kangaroos for driving legless lizards, earless dragons, etc, and the deteriorating grasslands and woodlands to extinction, by eating all the grasses, when fletcher admits that the native grasses are not threatened by the kangaroos, but by human activity, including toxic sprays.

Please check out this link http://www.canberratimes.com.au/news/local/news/general/roo-best-custodian-for-some-plants/1652005.aspx , that was in the Canberra times on 17/10/09, that completely refutes the allegations against the roos destroying grasslands, that was sent to maxine cooper, that were also ignored.

The report is by Julie Lindner, who has also been studying the grasslands and the roos for the past 20 years, which backs up what I’ve been saying all along.

http://www.canberratimes.com.au/news/local/news/general/roo-best-custodian-for-some-plants/1652005.aspx, with a more recent article in the Chronicle in the ‘letters to the editor’ section, titled ‘culling controversy’ p.23, 14/6/11.

Please click on this link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JUZrKj6ClBg  ‘KANGAROO CHILLER BOX INVESTIGATION’/’KANGAROOS ON TRACK TO EXTINCTION’, that contains the cruel bashing to death of roos that are shot, but not directly killed, hung up while still alive, and left suffering, trembling as they hang, tortured to death, and joeys bashed to death, possibly attempting to decapitate the joeys head on the back of the truck with several blows.

Please click on this link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zbn3c8EcNRk&feature=related , so called controlled government butchering, you will note that the kangaroos are still alive when hung up, suffering, AND BEING TORTURED TO DEATH, the male is laughing at the cruelty he has just inflicted on this kangaroo, a joey stomped to death, even the child stomps on it as he walks past following his father, orphaned joeys hopping around, left to starve to death, a joey bashed till its eyes popped out, but is still alive, suffering, a prolonged death, and the male admitting that these are protected species. Native protected animals called pests, the very same native animals that maintain a healthy well balanced eco system. The code of practice that the shooter refers to is inhumane, and unacceptable, as witnessed in this video footage. Kangaroos are not fit for human or dog consumption, heavily contaminated with various diseases/harmful bacterias, e.coli, salmonella, staphylococcus, streptococcus, toxoplasmosis, preserved illegally with sulphur dioxide that causes thiamine deficiency, (a white crystalline solid forming part of the vitamin B complex, C12H17CIN4OS; a vitamin (B1), required by the nervous system, absence of which causes beri-beri and other disorders), causing death, intake of pesticide spraying to control locusts, etc. Keep watching till it stops, keep an eye on the timer, next to the speaker symbol, length 10:59.

There are more links on youtube to show the facts on the extreme cruelty committed to our native protected macropods.

Possum abattoir

http://www.engagemedia.org/Members/HuonEnviroCentre/videos/possumdeath.wmv/view,

Possum Abattoir – Lenah Game Meats, Tasmania — EngageMedia

These animals are still alive and awake, when going through the abattoir’s chute processing system, dropped on top of one another, through a swinging door, to go through to the next phase, with several possums piled on top of one another, into the same boxes, when delivered to the abattoir, (possums are extremely territorial,) females with joeys, butchered, and bashed to death. Please Help stop these extreme acts of animal cruelty and export. You can help stop these extreme acts of animal cruelty to these possums by adding the above link to the possum abattoir and lodging your submissions by 23/4/10, to wta@environment.gov.au , wildlife.enq@dpipwe.tas.gov.au and click on link http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/trade-use/invitecomment/brushtail-possum.html  Submissions are now closed. This species maintains a healthy well balanced eco system.

To see the full report on Wildlife Carers Group possum rescue, possum boxes and investigating dog neglect, please click on this link: https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2012/02/19/wildlife-carers-group-possum-rescue-and-investigating-dog-crueltyneglect-reported-to-us-19212/

Dingoes

Following Wildlife Carers Group Investigation and Report on the Fraser Island Dingoes, on 29/8/11, on 5/9/11, the Liberal National Party (LNP) has committed to ensuring the long term survival of the Fraser Island Dingoes, click this link to read the LNP’s commitments: http://www.lnp.org.au/policies/queenslands-precious-wildlife-the-fraser-island-dingo.

Please click this link to view Wildlife Carers Group follow up on Fraser Island Dingoes Driven to Extinction Report: https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2011/08/29/fraser-island-dingoes-driven-to-extinction/?sn=l, https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2011/09/06/wildlife-carers-group-investigation-and-report-on-the-fraser-island-dingoes-qld-liberal-national-party-takes-action-to-protect-fraser-island-dingoes/?sn=l

Terminating the rangers from their jobs, who are responsible for the inhumane treatment of dingoes on Fraser Island , http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xSSaknF6Wnw&feature=youtu.be , who are starving them to death, mismanaging them, mistreating them, will prevent driving these spectacular native wildlife species to extinction, and help end acts of animal cruelty. Changing the Qld government legislation and constitution, to humanely conserve this species, and their habitat. Erecting GIVE WAY to DINGOES/WILDLIFE Signs. We can see their marine life up and down the Qld coast, however, the only unique sighting that Fraser Island can boast about, and can offer to the tourists, is the pure breed native Dingoes, once the last 90 odd Dingoes, population estimation as of 28-29 August 2011, (since the mismanaged Fraser Island fire by the Qld government, this Dingo population has more than likely dropped dramatically), that are left on the Island are driven to extinction, through arrogance, mismanagement and mistreatment, Fraser Island will have nothing left to offer to the huge tourist trade it currently holds, which will end Fraser Island tourism. This species maintains a healthy well balanced eco system.

To read Wildlife Carers Group report on WILDLIFE CARERS GROUP VISIT TO TASMANIA in the Tasmanian Times, please click on this link, http://tasmaniantimes.com/index.php?/pr-article/wildlife-carers-group-visit-to-tasmania/

Wildlife Carers Group report on our visit to Tasmania can be seen on this link:
https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2012/01/02/wildlife-carers-group-visit-to-tasmania-wildlife-being-driven-to-extinction-wildlife-care-2112/

To read Wildlife Carers Group report on Tortoise cruelty and removing the fish hook, and in the Tasmanian Times please click on this link:

https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2012/01/29/wildlife-carers-group-seeking-any-information-on-animal-cruelty-to-a-long-necked-tortoise-rescued-on-australia-day-26112-after-the-fireworks-tasmanian-visit-published-in-tt-link-fraser-island-ding/

Wildlife Carers Group report on Tortoise cruelty was published in the Tasmanian Times, to read it please click on this link: http://tasmaniantimes.com/index.php?/pr-article/cruelty-to-a-long-necked-tortoise/

For information on snakes, identification, tips, first aid please click on this link: https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2011/08/04/snakes-information-identification-tips-first-aid-notes-for-wes-4-8-july-2011/

For information on some Beaked Whales, Gray’s and Arnoux’s Beaked Whale; King Brown Snake, Eastern Brown Snake, Photos of Red-bellied Black Snake please click on this link: https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2012/02/27/long-beaked-whale-in-tasmania-king-brown-snake-in-canberra-28212/

Also Published in the Tasmanian Times please click on this link: http://tasmaniantimes.com/index.php?/pr-article/wildlife-carers-group-thank-you-for-all-your-support-in-2011/

Disclaimer: WCG and the author do not assume or accept any responsibility and shall not be liable for the accuracy or appropriate application of the information contained in this letter/email.

Canberra: city of animal lovers

Date

July 15, 2012

  • (0)

A small number of Canberra’s animal enthusiasts take their passion to the next level. PHILLIP THOMSON talks to one of them


Nora Preston of the Wildlife Carers Group, at the Callum Brae Nature Reserve, with a rescued female possum. Photo: Graham Tidy

SELF-DESCRIBED protector of animals Nora Preston sends out a media release.

It is about a dog she alleges is being mistreated. It sits on the owner’s verandah and she has taken photos of it and sent them to her mailing list.

”The dog still has not been seized and is still out there in the freezing day and night with no kennel,” she writes.

So I ask her how much trouble she has been in, doing this sort of community activism.

”They abuse you,” she says matter-of-factly, but does not want to say too much more about it.

She only adds: ”When I do that, I’m not on my own. We try to calm them down and just explain to them what they need to do to avoid legal action. Sometimes it takes months.”

Canberra has its fair share of animal lovers.

A small number of them take their animal enthusiasm to the next level, campaigning in the media and sometimes trying as hard as they can to remain anonymous as they break the law.

Outrage often spills into the letters page when there is a kangaroo cull.

Parkwood Farm, which produces eggs in Canberra’s north, was raided by a group of animal rights activists who destroyed equipment in March.

The farm will now switch from battery hen farming to producing cage-free eggs.

However, Preston says she does not endorse law breaking, such as trespass. It would only hurt her ability to get things done the right way, she says, through lobbying.

She does not approve of the damaging of private property. She is more of a supporter of the media campaign, despite the dirty looks she might get from pet owners.

She has no qualms about stepping in and calling the authorities on short notice.

When she saw a man displaying cockatoo wings on the dashboard of his car, she called the police.

”I could just imagine him ripping [the wings] off a live cockatoo,” she says (although there is no proof the man did this).

She also stepped in when she saw a cockatoo being ”stomped on” at Queanbeyan in April. ”That cockatoo is still being rehabilitated, it’s been on antibiotics.”

The bird is now with one of the 20 volunteers in her Wildlife Carers Group.

Preston, the owner of two cats and one dog, started bird watching in the 1970s. After joining the local Wildlife Foundation in the 1980s, she later founded her own organisation, which she says is funded from her own pocket and receives up to 10 calls a day regarding animal welfare matters.

The group doesn’t give names to animals it rescues, although Preston is not against the practice.

The focus is on healing the animals’ wounds until they are released rather than handling them. ”We don’t want to turn them into pets,” she says.

Each year Preston says her organisation receives dozens of calls about snakes in backyards, echidnas on the road and possums in the roof.

A person must be patient to remove a possum from a house.

”They are very territorial,” she says. A possum box must be added to the roof, so the possum can mark it with its smells. When this is done, the box can be put in a nearby tree and the entry into the roof blocked.

Occasionally when her volunteers are called out to possum jobs, the noises in the roof turn out to be rats and mice.

”We don’t deal with those,” she says. ”People have to call the pest controllers.”

If echidnas are picked up from the road they should be placed off the bitumen in the direction they are travelling in. Otherwise, they may become disoriented from where their young, known as puggles, are located.

So how much animal cruelty, whether deliberate or through ignorance, exists in the ACT?

Figures show that the territory’s RSPCA animal welfare inspectors responded to 1100 complaints in the past year. Further action only needed to be taken in less than three per cent of those cases, according to the RSPCA chief executive Michael Linke.

In the past year, six animals in the ACT have been so neglected they have been seized immediately.

Some of the worst cases end up in court.

Two recent cases involved people who allegedly injured their own cats. Inspectors seized the cats and both cases are progressing through the court system.

In another case, inspectors seized an emaciated dog they believed was in imminent risk.

”A case involving a horse also involved failure to provide adequate food to a point of starvation and the horse was seized,” Linke says.

One matter currently before the juvenile court involves a 16-year-old boy who allegedly killed and tortured a number of dogs.

Clearly Preston believes her Wildlife Carers Group has an important part to play in tending to the animals that the RSPCA and other organisations do not get to.

And she believes people and humans are crossing paths more regularly as housing developments continue across the ACT.

This is perhaps most obvious in the ACT government’s kangaroo culls. Preston is passionately opposed to any kangaroo culls, questioning the ACT government’s statement that the shooting is done by experienced marksmen.

Up to 2015 eastern grey kangaroos were killed in the latest cull in May and June.

A survey of 600 Canberrans by Territory and Municipal Services, found 79 per cent were supportive of kangaroo culling under some circumstances and 70 per cent were supportive of culling for conservation of small grassland and woodland animals.

An online poll by The Canberra Times in May found 41 per cent of those polled supported culling.

Ask Preston and she undoubtedly believes most people are against the culls. And she will use all her powers to stop the deaths.

Read more:

WILDLIFE CARERS GROUP NEWS 26/1/14

HAPPY AUSTRALIA DAY

Congratulations to the Competition Winners who correctly identified the species from our New Year Wishes news. Please click on this link to see the photo, scroll down to ‘Competition’ to refresh your memory. The photo showed the parrot’s brightly coloured yellow underside: https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2013/12/30/wildlife-carers-group-news-301213/

1st and 2nd photos show 2 male Red-rumped Parrots/Grass Parrots. Only the males have the red rump, therefore the name Red-rumped Parrots given to this species is rather sexist that only identifies the male species. The 3rd photo shows a male Red-rumped/Grass Parrot having a feed on your right hand side beside an immature Crimson Rosella on your left hand side.

Female Grass Parrot on your left, male Red-rumped/Grass Parrot on your right, note that the female is a dull olive green type colour, does not have a yellow coloured underside and is not as brightly coloured as the male.

For updates go to Facebook and ‘Twitter.  Click on https://www.facebook.com/nora.preston.16?v=info, and Twitter http://twitter.com/wildlifecarersg/.

Drive carefully and give way to our vulnerable wildlife to prevent road fatalities.

There have been a lot of road fatalities and reports of magpies attacking other birds. If you have pet birds in cages, don’t leave them outside unsupervised, they will be attacked and killed through the bars.

Hit and run Long-necked Tortoise by Nora Preston p.40 published in the Wildlife Rescue Magazine. A repeat that I sent out earlier in 2013 https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2013/04/
with a slight amendment including Spring as they emerge again out of hibernation: http://wildliferescuemagazine.com/uploads/3/0/8/0/3080007/wildlife_issue_08_web_v10.pdf

VISIT TO NATIONAL ZOO AND AQUARIUM

The Zoo Venture Tour and the Meet the Cheetah were a worthwhile experience with the Zoo venture tour taking us behind the scenes. All the enclosures were clean and so were the areas behind the scenes with the animals being kept in a clean environment. Experiences well worthwhile for you to explore.

Photos that I’m not in were taken by NORA PRESTON.


Feeding the European Brown Bear rescued from a Circus

Meet the Cheetah

Python

Cougar



White Lioness and Lion

Tiger

Tiger

 

Koala

Tree Kangaroo

Swamp Wallaby, note the pink showing of the baby/Joey in the pouch in the 1st and 2nd photos.

Tasmanian Devil

Tasmanian Devil

 

 

Dingo

https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2014/01/26/wildlife-carers-group-news-happy-australia-day-26114/  

https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2013/12/30/wildlife-carers-group-news-301213/.

WILDLIFE CARERS GROUP WOULD LIKE TO THANK YOU FOR ALL YOUR SUPPORT IN 2013.
WISHING YOU A VERY SAFE AND HAPPY YEAR FOR 2014.

There can be no discrimination against our native wildlife, all native wildlife are precious to our Eco system, in assisting to maintain a healthy well balanced Eco system, and will be protected, and rehabilitated equally.

Wildlife Carers Group, the only local wildlife group with long term expertise and knowledge in our native wildlife, that will act on, and investigate animal cruelty/welfare/rights, and, as a community group, that also cares about our community, and the rights of our community groups.

Wildlife Carers Group, the only local wildlife group helping to keep our state and country out of deficit, with no government funding, run solely by volunteers, that is keeping you in a job.

Wildlife Carers Group, the only local wildlife group that trains work experience students.

NORA PRESTON (began rehabilitating wildlife in the early ’80′s.)

Founding President
WCG – WILDLIFE CARERS GROUP INC. – Founded in 2004.
PO Box 3509
WESTON CREEK ACT 2611

Mob: 0406 056 099

Email: wildlife_carers_group@yahoo.com.au

Website: http://wcg.awardspace.com

https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/?sn=l

http://www.myspace.com/wcgincCheck out http://www.myspace.com/wcgincand become a friend. We are also on Facebook, http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1649024860&v=info  with photos included on the site, and become a friend.

You can now follow us and join us on Twitter http://twitter.com/wildlifecarersg/, http://canberra.climatexchange.org.au/wildlife-carers-group

26 January 2014

Support WCG. WCG is an independent, non profit, non government community based charity providing animal/wildlife care, rescue/rehabilitation and is also an animal/wildlife welfare group, providing protection for our wildlife/animals, run solely by volunteers, with no government funding, saving taxpayers money. WCG relies on donations from the public in order to carry out its work. If you would like to make a donation to WCG, please send a cheque/money order made payable to Wildlife Carers Group Inc. To PO Box 3509 , Weston Creek. ACT. 2611. AUSTRALIA . Or contact us by email wildlife_carers_group@yahoo.com.au
or mobile: 0406 056 099 to discuss other alternatives. Thank you for all your support.

Aims and Objectives: To promote the general welfare and continued survival of native fauna and flora as an essential element of the environment, and specifically to undertake the specialised care necessary for the rehabilitation of orphaned, sick and injured native birds and other animals, to promote public awareness of the need to conserve existing wildlife species, and an understanding of their particular habitat and feeding requirements.

Support WCG. Become a WCG MEMBER, VOLUNTEER, WILDLIFE CARER, download the m/ship form from http://wcg.awardspace.com  and join up. Thank you for all your support.

To see Wildlife Carers Group report and review of the documentary ‘Kangaroo Mob’ please click on these links:

https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2012/02/08/wildlife-carers-group-attends-premiere-screening-of-360-degree-films-documentary-kangaroo-mob-on-7212-8212/

Published in theTasmanian Times please click on this link: http://tasmaniantimes.com/index.php?/pr-article/wildlife-carers-group-attends-premiere-screening-/

To view the amendments and Draft ACT Pest Animal Management Strategy 2011-2021 please click or copy and paste this link into your browser: AMENDMENTS DARTING CURRAWONGS RSPCA – DRAFT ACT PEST ANIMAL MANAGEMENT STRATEGY 2011-2021 « wildlifecarersgroup      

To see Wildlife Carers Group full 5-day report, of the training with the work experience student, Wildlife Carers Group Kangaroo Meat Testing, results: contaminated, etc Please click on this link https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2011/08/04/wildlife-carers-group-wcg-visit-to-callum-brae-nature-reserve-etc-full-5-day-work-experience-student-wes-placement-report-trained-by-wcg-founding-president-nora-preston-4-8-july-2011/?sn=l.

To see Wildlife Carers Group Kangaroo Meat Testing, click on this link: https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2011/09/04/wildlife-carers-group-kangaroo-meat-testing-%e2%80%93-5-day-work-experience-student-4-8-july-2011/?sn=l

‘KANGAROOS AND DISEASES’, https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2011/08/04/kangaroos-and-diseases-notes-for-5-day-wes-4-8-july-2011/?sn=l

This species maintains a healthy, well balanced eco system.

You can help us make the necessary changes for our native protected Eastern Grey

Kangaroos, by signing this petition, and circulating this for us www.gopetition.com/petitions/saveallthe-kangaroos.html .

In this article, interviewed on 15/4/10, www.nowuc.com.au/2010/05/27/kangaroo-plan…/comment-page-1/  don fletcher from tams says thatkangaroos are not the main problem and in fact‘native grasses’ are not threatened with extinction, but other animals and plants are, and that “the biggest ‘contributor’ to the loss of the natural treeless grasslands of our region has been agriculture (by far)”.

This statement is admitting to the flawed, dishonest kangaroo management plan, and russell watkinson’s media release, on Friday 18/6/10, that blames the kangaroos for driving legless lizards, earless dragons, etc, and the deteriorating grasslands and woodlands to extinction, by eating all the grasses, when fletcher admits that the native grasses are not threatened by the kangaroos, but by human activity, including toxic sprays.

Please check out this link http://www.canberratimes.com.au/news/local/news/general/roo-best-custodian-for-some-plants/1652005.aspx , that was in the Canberra times on 17/10/09, that completely refutes the allegations against the roos destroying grasslands, that was sent to maxine cooper, that were also ignored.

The report is by Julie Lindner, who has also been studying the grasslands and the roos for the past 20 years, which backs up what I’ve been saying all along.

http://www.canberratimes.com.au/news/local/news/general/roo-best-custodian-for-some-plants/1652005.aspx, with a more recent article in the Chronicle in the ‘letters to the editor’ section, titled ‘culling controversy’ p.23, 14/6/11.

Please click on this link: www.youtube.com/watch?v=JUZrKj6ClBg  ‘KANGAROO CHILLER BOX INVESTIGATION’/’KANGAROOS ON TRACK TO EXTINCTION’, that contains the cruel bashing to death of roos that are shot, but not directly killed, hung up while still alive, and left suffering, trembling as they hang, tortured to death, and joeys bashed to death, possibly attempting to decapitate the joeys head on the back of the truck with several blows.

Please click on this link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zbn3c8EcNRk&feature=related , so called controlled government butchering, you will note that the kangaroos are still alive when hung up, suffering, AND BEING TORTURED TO DEATH, the male is laughing at the cruelty he has just inflicted on this kangaroo, a joey stomped to death, even the child stomps on it as he walks past following his father, orphaned joeys hopping around, left to starve to death, a joey bashed till its eyes popped out, but is still alive, suffering, a prolonged death, and the male admitting that these are protected species. Native protected animals called pests, the very same native animals that maintain a healthy well balanced eco system. The code of practice that the shooter refers to is inhumane, and unacceptable, as witnessed in this video footage. Kangaroos are not fit for human or dog consumption, heavily contaminated with various diseases/harmful bacterias, e.coli, salmonella, staphylococcus, streptococcus, toxoplasmosis, preserved illegally with sulphur dioxide that causes thiamine deficiency, (a white crystalline solid forming part of the vitamin B complex, C12H17CIN4OS; a vitamin (B1), required by the nervous system, absence of which causes beri-beri and other disorders), causing death, intake of pesticide spraying to control locusts, etc. Keep watching till it stops, keep an eye on the timer, next to the speaker symbol, length 10:59.

There are more links on youtube to show the facts on the extreme cruelty committed to our native protected macropods.

Possum abattoir

http://www.engagemedia.org/Members/HuonEnviroCentre/videos/possumdeath.wmv/view,

Possum Abattoir – Lenah Game Meats, Tasmania — EngageMedia

These animals are still alive and awake, when going through the abattoir’s chute processing system, dropped on top of one another, through a swinging door, to go through to the next phase, with several possums piled on top of one another, into the same boxes, when delivered to the abattoir, (possums are extremely territorial,) females with joeys, butchered, and bashed to death. Please Help stop these extreme acts of animal cruelty and export. You can help stop these extreme acts of animal cruelty to these possums by adding the above link to the possum abattoir and lodging your submissions by 23/4/10, to wta@environment.gov.au , wildlife.enq@dpipwe.tas.gov.au and click on link http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/trade-use/invitecomment/brushtail-possum.html  Submissions are now closed. This species maintains a healthy well balanced eco system.

To see the full report on Wildlife Carers Group possum rescue, possum boxes and investigating dog neglect, please click on this link: https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2012/02/19/wildlife-carers-group-possum-rescue-and-investigating-dog-crueltyneglect-reported-to-us-19212/

Dingoes

Following Wildlife Carers Group Investigation and Report on the Fraser Island Dingoes, on 29/8/11, on 5/9/11, the Liberal National Party (LNP) has committed to ensuring the long term survival of the Fraser Island Dingoes, click this link to read the LNP’s commitments: http://www.lnp.org.au/policies/queenslands-precious-wildlife-the-fraser-island-dingo.

Please click this link to view Wildlife Carers Group follow up on Fraser Island Dingoes Driven to Extinction Report: https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2011/08/29/fraser-island-dingoes-driven-to-extinction/?sn=l, https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2011/09/06/wildlife-carers-group-investigation-and-report-on-the-fraser-island-dingoes-qld-liberal-national-party-takes-action-to-protect-fraser-island-dingoes/?sn=l

Terminating the rangers from their jobs, who are responsible for the inhumane treatment of dingoes on Fraser Island , http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xSSaknF6Wnw&feature=youtu.be , who are starving them to death, mismanaging them, mistreating them, will prevent driving these spectacular native wildlife species to extinction, and help end acts of animal cruelty. Changing the Qld government legislation and constitution, to humanely conserve this species, and their habitat. Erecting GIVE WAY to DINGOES/WILDLIFE Signs. We can see their marine life up and down the Qld coast, however, the only unique sighting that Fraser Island can boast about, and can offer to the tourists, is the pure breed native Dingoes, once the last 90 odd Dingoes, population estimation as of 28-29 August 2011, (since the mismanaged Fraser Island fire by the Qld government, this Dingo population has more than likely dropped dramatically), that are left on the Island are driven to extinction, through arrogance, mismanagement and mistreatment, Fraser Island will have nothing left to offer to the huge tourist trade it currently holds, which will end Fraser Island tourism. This species maintains a healthy well balanced eco system.

To read Wildlife Carers Group report on WILDLIFE CARERS GROUP VISIT TO TASMANIA in the Tasmanian Times, please click on this link, http://tasmaniantimes.com/index.php?/pr-article/wildlife-carers-group-visit-to-tasmania/

Wildlife Carers Group report on our visit to Tasmania can be seen on this link:
https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2012/01/02/wildlife-carers-group-visit-to-tasmania-wildlife-being-driven-to-extinction-wildlife-care-2112/

To read Wildlife Carers Group report on Tortoise cruelty and removing the fish hook, and in the Tasmanian Times please click on this link:

https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2012/01/29/wildlife-carers-group-seeking-any-information-on-animal-cruelty-to-a-long-necked-tortoise-rescued-on-australia-day-26112-after-the-fireworks-tasmanian-visit-published-in-tt-link-fraser-island-ding/

Wildlife Carers Group report on Tortoise cruelty was published in the Tasmanian Times, to read it please click on this link: http://tasmaniantimes.com/index.php?/pr-article/cruelty-to-a-long-necked-tortoise/

For information on snakes, identification, tips, first aid please click on this link: https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2011/08/04/snakes-information-identification-tips-first-aid-notes-for-wes-4-8-july-2011/

For information on some Beaked Whales, Gray’s and Arnoux’s Beaked Whale; King Brown Snake, Eastern Brown Snake, Photos of Red-bellied Black Snake please click on this link: https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2012/02/27/long-beaked-whale-in-tasmania-king-brown-snake-in-canberra-28212/

Also Published in the Tasmanian Times please click on this link: http://tasmaniantimes.com/index.php?/pr-article/wildlife-carers-group-thank-you-for-all-your-support-in-2011/

Disclaimer: WCG and the author do not assume or accept any responsibility and shall not be liable for the accuracy or appropriate application of the information contained in this letter/email.

WILDLIFE CARERS GROUP NEWS 30/12/13

PRESIDENT’S REPORT

We hope that everyone who celebrates Xmas have celebrated an extremely Merry Xmas. Have a safe and Happy New Year in 2014.

WordPress blogs and emails sent out have slowed down this year to rest my eyes due to many hours of computer work etc, that I also haven’t been paid to do since I volunteer all my time to do all this work; however that has not slowed down our work for our wildlife and other animals, animal welfare fighting to end animal cruelty. Some updates were posted on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/nora.preston.16 .  To be able to read the Facebook posts you will need to have your own Facebook profile.  Become a Facebook friend.

Even at the Eye Hospital, my wildlife rescue didn’t stop where I had to rescue a baby Blue Tongue Lizard that ventured into the building through the door that was slightly open.

There was no time for photos as I borrowed a Hospital towel to throw the towel over the Lizard, very gently pick it up, rush it out through the door and release it in their courtyard.

I attempted to release it in the garden under the rocks and bushes, and not on the tiles, however the Lizard had other ideas and began following me back into the building, so I had to run back in while the eye specialist held the door open for me and then quickly shut the door as I got back inside where I continued to wait to see another eye specialist.

No, I didn’t charge for my services, since I am a volunteer; however I was still charged a hefty bill by the Eye Hospital.

It’s great to be so appreciated.

Watch out for some Optometrists’ and eye specialists, some appear to want you to go blind before they do anything to prevent blindness. Get a 2nd opinion.  It’s too late to reverse it once you go blind.

We had a very busy year in 2013. So much was on that some information may be missed in this News.

Photos by NORA PRESTON.

On 8 May 2013 I attended the Voiceless Animal Law Lecture at the ANU: https://www.voiceless.org.au/animal-law/lecture-series/2013

GUEST SPEAKER founder and former Director of the Foundation for the Animal and a specialist in human-animal-relationships in Swiss and international law, Antoine F. Goetschel, currently partner at the law firm Krepper Knecht Partner, previously the animal welfare lawyer for the Canton of Zurich.


The Summary of the Voiceless Animal Law Lecture

On 31 May 2013 along with other meetings prior to the Federal Elections, I attended the Animal Justice Party Meetings.

From Left to Right: Candidate for ACT Marcus Fillinger, President Steve Garlick, Candidate for NSW Mark Pearson.

COMPETITION: Identify this bird. The first 10 to reply will receive FREE MEMBERSHIPS.

On 13 June 2013 I attended the National Capital Authority’s 5th Annual Public Forum to speak up for the necessity to maintain wildlife habitat and our wildlife: http://www.nationalcapital.gov.au/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2595:public-forum-2013&catid=111:public-forum&Itemid=930

On 31/10/13 I attended the Conservation Council and Environmental Defender’s Office Planning and Environment Dispute Resolution Forum where we received an Environment Law Handbook: http://www.edo.org.au/edoact/publications.html.

Speaker Professor Peta Spender from ACAT/Tribunal

Speaker Stephen Johnson, Senior Associate, King & Wood Mallesons

In between these Forums and meetings, I attended other meetings, Forums etc. as well that kept me busy throughout the year.

I wrote to Chinese Embassies in the US and Australia on their violent angora rabbit industries where they rip the fur off the conscious live rabbits. Don’t buy anything with Angora in it. You will find images and videos on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/nora.preston.16.

I received enquiries on macropod formula that I had to investigate that were causing loss of weight and blindness that unfortunately included Di-vetelact. I questioned whether or not Di-vetelact purchased their protein from China, since apparently it is the Chinese protein that is causing the problems. Di-vetelact/Sharpe denied purchasing the protein from China, however, hopefully my phone discussion with the company has made them aware that there is a problem with their product and that they are rectifying it.  Link to article on Biolac and blindness written March 2013: https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2013/03/16/wildlife-carers-group-news-galah-avoid-biolac-snakes-molonglo-new-tams-minister-more-17313/

I have copied and pasted the original email sent to us below:

“Dear sir/ madam

I found your very informative website on the net, what a wonderful job are doing for all our animals, thank you.

I was wondering,  if you have the latest information on Di-Vetelact, our Carers were having problems with animals getting cataracts.

I believe the SHARPE  company was importing Protein from China, which we thought may have been the problem, are you aware if this is still the case. I have emailed the company, but am not getting a reply.

We have also been warned about Biolac, M100, M 150 seems to be ok but trouble starts with M 200.

My husband and I are elderly 83 and 80 years old and have been rearing joeys for 20 years, Possums, Wallabies and Eastern Greys.

I’m using Wombaroo at the moment, but am not having the same  results, as when I used Divet. Joeys are slower in putting on weight, I am adding baby Farex to each bottle now, which is working, 1/4 tsp each bottle.

Please if you can find the time, will you let me know if Di-Vet is safe again.


Yours in caring,…”

I’ve also received this email on the subject of Biolac copied and pasted below to which I have responded:

“Thank you Nora.
 
I came across your advice to carers regarding Biolac causing cataracts and  found it very refreshing to discover a carer like yourself willing to stand up  and speak the truth. You are the only person other than myself you has the guts  to tell others about this terrible problem, where so many unfortunate, innocent  joeys have been euthanased all because of cataracts caused by this  formula.
 
I have a huge section just on this subject in my new manual which I am  currently working on, with numerous cases and photographs and would like to know  whether you too would like to contribute your case study and photos.
 
We have pretty well worked out why the cataracts are connected with Biolac,  so I have also added this and have had assistance by Dr Tanya Stevens who, along  with other researchers did the initial study on formula associated  cataracts.
 
I look forward to hearing from you Nora.
 
Kind regards

Wildlife Carers Group was also nominated for a $1000 grant from one of the Bank’s who rang me to ask me to fill out a form for them.

Unfortunately I was so busy that I wasn’t able to fill out the form.

I have signed a number of petitions, some of which are on our Facebook page.

Wildlife Carers Group Donations were given as usual to a wildlife vet and to the Make A Wish Foundation.  The Make A Wish donation was given in conjunction with Film Networking Industry (Australia).

In Spring 6/10/13 I unfortunately came across this road kill, so please take care on the roads and remember to slow down and give way to our vulnerable wildlife.  Wildlife have no road sense, however, you do.


For information on snakes, identification, tips, first aid please click on this link: https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2011/08/04/snakes-information-identification-tips-first-aid-notes-for-wes-4-8-july-2011/

https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2013/10/30/animal-justice-party-kangaroo-report-22513/

https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2013/10/30/autopsy-on-joey-tortured-to-death-by-authorised-tams-government-killing-4612/

https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2013/12/30/acat-transcript-on-roo-kill-decision-10713/.

https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2013/12/30/wildlife-carers-group-news-301213/.

WILDLIFE CARERS GROUP WOULD LIKE TO THANK YOU FOR ALL YOUR SUPPORT IN 2013. 


WISHING YOU A VERY SAFE AND HAPPY YEAR FOR 2014.

There can be no discrimination against our native wildlife, all native wildlife are precious to our Eco system, in assisting to maintain a healthy well balanced Eco system, and will be protected, and rehabilitated equally.

Wildlife Carers Group, the only local wildlife group with long term expertise and knowledge in our native wildlife, that will act on, and investigate animal cruelty/welfare/rights, and, as a community group, that also cares about our community, and the rights of our community groups.

Wildlife Carers Group, the only local wildlife group helping to keep our state and country out of deficit, with no government funding, run solely by volunteers, that is keeping you in a job.

Wildlife Carers Group, the only local wildlife group that trains work experience students.

NORA PRESTON (began rehabilitating wildlife in the early ’80′s.)

Founding President
WCG – WILDLIFE CARERS GROUP INC. – Founded in 2004.
PO Box 3509
WESTON CREEK ACT 2611

Mob: 0406 056 099

Email: wildlife_carers_group@yahoo.com.au


Website: http://wcg.awardspace.com

https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/?sn=l 

http://www.myspace.com/wcgincCheck out http://www.myspace.com/wcgincand become a friend. We are also on Facebook, http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1649024860&v=info
 with photos included on the site, and become a friend.

You can now follow us and join us on Twitter http://twitter.com/wildlifecarersg/ , http://canberra.climatexchange.org.au/wildlife-carers-group

30 December 2013

Support WCG. WCG is an independent, non profit, non government community based charity providing animal/wildlife care, rescue/rehabilitation and is also an animal/wildlife welfare group, providing protection for our wildlife/animals, run solely by volunteers, with no government funding, saving taxpayers money. WCG relies on donations from the public in order to carry out its work. If you would like to make a donation to WCG, please send a cheque/money order made payable to Wildlife Carers Group Inc. To PO Box 3509 , Weston Creek. ACT. 2611. AUSTRALIA . Or contact us by email wildlife_carers_group@yahoo.com.au

or mobile: 0406 056 099 to discuss other alternatives. Thank you for all your support.

Aims and Objectives: To promote the general welfare and continued survival of native fauna and flora as an essential element of the environment, and specifically to undertake the specialised care necessary for the rehabilitation of orphaned, sick and injured native birds and other animals, to promote public awareness of the need to conserve existing wildlife species, and an understanding of their particular habitat and feeding requirements.

Support WCG. Become a WCG MEMBER, VOLUNTEER, WILDLIFE CARER, download the m/ship form from http://wcg.awardspace.com
 and join up. Thank you for all your support.

To see Wildlife Carers Group report and review of the documentary ‘Kangaroo Mob’ please click on these links: 

https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2012/02/08/wildlife-carers-group-attends-premiere-screening-of-360-degree-films-documentary-kangaroo-mob-on-7212-8212/

Published in theTasmanian Times please click on this link: http://tasmaniantimes.com/index.php?/pr-article/wildlife-carers-group-attends-premiere-screening-/

To view the amendments and Draft ACT Pest Animal Management Strategy 2011-2021 please click or copy and paste this link into your browser: AMENDMENTS DARTING CURRAWONGS RSPCA – DRAFT ACT PEST ANIMAL MANAGEMENT STRATEGY 2011-2021 « wildlifecarersgroup       

To see Wildlife Carers Group full 5-day report, of the training with the work experience student, Wildlife Carers Group Kangaroo Meat Testing, results: contaminated, etc Please click on this link https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2011/08/04/wildlife-carers-group-wcg-visit-to-callum-brae-nature-reserve-etc-full-5-day-work-experience-student-wes-placement-report-trained-by-wcg-founding-president-nora-preston-4-8-july-2011/?sn=l .

To see Wildlife Carers Group Kangaroo Meat Testing, click on this link: https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2011/09/04/wildlife-carers-group-kangaroo-meat-testing-%e2%80%93-5-day-work-experience-student-4-8-july-2011/?sn=l

‘KANGAROOS AND DISEASES’, https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2011/08/04/kangaroos-and-diseases-notes-for-5-day-wes-4-8-july-2011/?sn=l

This species maintains a healthy, well balanced eco system.

You can help us make the necessary changes for our native protected Eastern Grey

Kangaroos, by signing this petition, and circulating this for us http://www.gopetition.com/petitions/saveallthe-kangaroos.html 
.

In this article, interviewed on 15/4/10, http://www.nowuc.com.au/2010/05/27/kangaroo-plan…/comment-page-1/  don fletcher from tams says thatkangaroos are not the main problem and in fact‘native grasses’ are not threatened with extinction, but other animals and plants are, and that “the biggest ‘contributor’ to the loss of the natural treeless grasslands of our region has been agriculture (by far)”.

This statement is admitting to the flawed, dishonest kangaroo management plan, and russell watkinson’s media release, on Friday 18/6/10, that blames the kangaroos for driving legless lizards, earless dragons, etc, and the deteriorating grasslands and woodlands to extinction, by eating all the grasses, when fletcher admits that the native grasses are not threatened by the kangaroos, but by human activity, including toxic sprays.

Please check out this link http://www.canberratimes.com.au/news/local/news/general/roo-best-custodian-for-some-plants/1652005.aspx , that was in the Canberra times on 17/10/09, that completely refutes the allegations against the roos destroying grasslands, that was sent to maxine cooper, that were also ignored.

The report is by Julie Lindner, who has also been studying the grasslands and the roos for the past 20 years, which backs up what I’ve been saying all along.

http://www.canberratimes.com.au/news/local/news/general/roo-best-custodian-for-some-plants/1652005.aspx, with a more recent article in the Chronicle in the ‘letters to the editor’ section, titled ‘culling controversy’ p.23, 14/6/11.

Please click on this link: www.youtube.com/watch?v=JUZrKj6ClBg   ‘KANGAROO CHILLER BOX INVESTIGATION’/’KANGAROOS ON TRACK TO EXTINCTION’, that contains the cruel bashing to death of roos that are shot, but not directly killed, hung up while still alive, and left suffering, trembling as they hang, tortured to death, and joeys bashed to death, possibly attempting to decapitate the joeys head on the back of the truck with several blows.

Please click on this link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zbn3c8EcNRk&feature=related, so called controlled government butchering, you will note that the kangaroos are still alive when hung up, suffering, AND BEING TORTURED TO DEATH, the male is laughing at the cruelty he has just inflicted on this kangaroo, a joey stomped to death, even the child stomps on it as he walks past following his father, orphaned joeys hopping around, left to starve to death, a joey bashed till its eyes popped out, but is still alive, suffering, a prolonged death, and the male admitting that these are protected species. Native protected animals called pests, the very same native animals that maintain a healthy well balanced eco system. The code of practice that the shooter refers to is inhumane, and unacceptable, as witnessed in this video footage. Kangaroos are not fit for human or dog consumption, heavily contaminated with various diseases/harmful bacterias, e.coli, salmonella, staphylococcus, streptococcus, toxoplasmosis, preserved illegally with sulphur dioxide that causes thiamine deficiency, (a white crystalline solid forming part of the vitamin B complex, C12H17CIN4OS; a vitamin (B1), required by the nervous system, absence of which causes beri-beri and other disorders), causing death, intake of pesticide spraying to control locusts, etc. Keep watching till it stops, keep an eye on the timer, next to the speaker symbol, length 10:59.

There are more links on youtube to show the facts on the extreme cruelty committed to our native protected macropods.

Possum abattoir

http://www.engagemedia.org/Members/HuonEnviroCentre/videos/possumdeath.wmv/view,

Possum Abattoir – Lenah Game Meats, Tasmania — EngageMedia

These animals are still alive and awake, when going through the abattoir’s chute processing system, dropped on top of one another, through a swinging door, to go through to the next phase, with several possums piled on top of one another, into the same boxes, when delivered to the abattoir, (possums are extremely territorial,) females with joeys, butchered, and bashed to death. Please Help stop these extreme acts of animal cruelty and export. You can help stop these extreme acts of animal cruelty to these possums by adding the above link to the possum abattoir and lodging your submissions by 23/4/10, to wta@environment.gov.au
, wildlife.enq@dpipwe.tas.gov.au
and click on link http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/trade-use/invitecomment/brushtail-possum.html
 Submissions are now closed. This species maintains a healthy well balanced eco system.

To see the full report on Wildlife Carers Group possum rescue, possum boxes and investigating dog neglect, please click on this link: https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2012/02/19/wildlife-carers-group-possum-rescue-and-investigating-dog-crueltyneglect-reported-to-us-19212/

Dingoes

Following Wildlife Carers Group Investigation and Report on the Fraser Island Dingoes, on 29/8/11, on 5/9/11, the Liberal National Party (LNP) has committed to ensuring the long term survival of the Fraser Island Dingoes, click this link to read the LNP’s commitments: http://www.lnp.org.au/policies/queenslands-precious-wildlife-the-fraser-island-dingo .

Please click this link to view Wildlife Carers Group follow up on Fraser Island Dingoes Driven to Extinction Report: https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2011/08/29/fraser-island-dingoes-driven-to-extinction/?sn=l , https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2011/09/06/wildlife-carers-group-investigation-and-report-on-the-fraser-island-dingoes-qld-liberal-national-party-takes-action-to-protect-fraser-island-dingoes/?sn=l

Terminating the rangers from their jobs, who are responsible for the inhumane treatment of dingoes on Fraser Island , http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xSSaknF6Wnw&feature=youtu.be
,
who are starving them to death, mismanaging them, mistreating them, will prevent driving these spectacular native wildlife species to extinction, and help end acts of animal cruelty. Changing the Qld government legislation and constitution, to humanely conserve this species, and their habitat. Erecting GIVE WAY to DINGOES/WILDLIFE Signs. We can see their marine life up and down the Qld coast, however, the only unique sighting that Fraser Island can boast about, and can offer to the tourists, is the pure breed native Dingoes, once the last 90 odd Dingoes, population estimation as of 28-29 August 2011, (since the mismanaged Fraser Island fire by the Qld government, this Dingo population has more than likely dropped dramatically), that are left on the Island are driven to extinction, through arrogance, mismanagement and mistreatment, Fraser Island will have nothing left to offer to the huge tourist trade it currently holds, which will end Fraser Island tourism. This species maintains a healthy well balanced eco system.

To read Wildlife Carers Group report on WILDLIFE CARERS GROUP VISIT TO TASMANIA in the Tasmanian Times, please click on this link, http://tasmaniantimes.com/index.php?/pr-article/wildlife-carers-group-visit-to-tasmania/

Wildlife Carers Group report on our visit to Tasmania can be seen on this link:
https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2012/01/02/wildlife-carers-group-visit-to-tasmania-wildlife-being-driven-to-extinction-wildlife-care-2112/

To read Wildlife Carers Group report on Tortoise cruelty and removing the fish hook, and in the Tasmanian Times please click on this link:

https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2012/01/29/wildlife-carers-group-seeking-any-information-on-animal-cruelty-to-a-long-necked-tortoise-rescued-on-australia-day-26112-after-the-fireworks-tasmanian-visit-published-in-tt-link-fraser-island-ding/  

Wildlife Carers Group report on Tortoise cruelty was published in the Tasmanian Times, to read it please click on this link: http://tasmaniantimes.com/index.php?/pr-article/cruelty-to-a-long-necked-tortoise/

For information on snakes, identification, tips, first aid please click on this link: https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2011/08/04/snakes-information-identification-tips-first-aid-notes-for-wes-4-8-july-2011/

For information on some Beaked Whales, Gray’s and Arnoux’s Beaked Whale; King Brown Snake, Eastern Brown Snake, Photos of Red-bellied Black Snake please click on this link: https://wildlifecarersgroup.wordpress.com/2012/02/27/long-beaked-whale-in-tasmania-king-brown-snake-in-canberra-28212/

Also Published in the Tasmanian Times please click on this link: http://tasmaniantimes.com/index.php?/pr-article/wildlife-carers-group-thank-you-for-all-your-support-in-2011/   

Disclaimer: WCG and the author do not assume or accept any responsibility and shall not be liable for the accuracy or appropriate application of the information contained in this letter/email.

MERRILL CORPORATION

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TRANSCRIPT OF PROCEEDINGS

 

 

CIVIL AND ADMINISTRATIVE TRIBUNAL OF THE

AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY

 

 

MR W.G. STEFANIAK, PRESIDENT

MR A. ANFORTH, SENIOR MEMBER

MR M. DAVEY, SENIOR MEMBER

 

 

AT No 41 of 2013

 

 

 

AUSTRALIAN SOCIETY FOR KANGAROOS INCORPORATED

 

and

 

THE ACT CONSERVATOR OF FLORA AND FAUNA & ORS

 

 

 

CANBERRA

 

11 AM, WEDNESDAY, 10 JULY 2013

 

 

PRESIDENT STEFANIAK: Right, we’re still waiting on a few people. Please be seated. I’ll just get appearances. I’ll just give Mr Anforth a couple of minutes. He’s doing hearings but we won’t delay the proceedings. He knows what he’s saying so he’ll be coming in. Right, Ms Katavic, you’re here again?

 

MS KATAVIC: Yes, I am.

 

PRESIDENT STEFANIAK: And who have we got for the respondent? I noted on the last occasion Mr Kennett indicated, of course, he would not be able to be here with his instructing solicitor. So, you’re – – –

 

MR SMIT: Yes, I’m Jacob Smit. I’m here for the applicant from DLA Piper.

 

PRESIDENT STEFANIAK: Jacob – – –

 

MR SMIT: Smit, S-m-i-t.

 

PRESIDENT STEFANIAK: Thanks, Mr Smit. That clock doesn’t quite say 11.00 am so I’ll just give Allan a couple of minutes and then we’ll start. All right, without further ado, we’ll start. I might just start by saying because of the urgency in the matter, as expressed by the General President first and foremost, that is why we’re mindful of that and as I said last night, we’ve had a look at the matter and we’ll bring down our decision and the oral reasons now and so the parties know exactly where they stand.

 

As much as anything else too, this is ACAT. ACAT is a – this is the first call for anyone appearing in either ACAT or the court system here and I always think it is highly appropriate too if justice is given and decisions are made quickly. Justice delayed often is justice denied and it’s important that all the parties know where they stand, thank you.

 

Right, my thanks – I reiterate what I said last night to the parties. I note the solicitor for the – well, Mr Jacob Smit is now appearing as the solicitor for the applicant and his two seniors, including Mr Kennett, who was very helpful to the Tribunal, have left and couldn’t attend today. Ms Katavic, you’re here, Ms Holly has instructed you after you’ve got everyone else here, it seems, who was involved.

 

I start by saying this is a very different case from the 2009 case, which involved basically culling on Defence land and involved a significantly greater number of kangaroos and there were issues in that case which led to a couple of the expert witnesses getting together just to decide the actual number of kangaroos to start with and whilst that was conceded, the actual need for culling wasn’t at all and there was a different set of arguments and the Tribunal made its decision in relation to that matter and that was a significantly different case to this one here today. This one here deals with applications – seven applications to cull and licences given to cull in relation to seven different Territory reserves in the ACT.

 

There are a number of issues which were before the Tribunal in this case which weren’t pressed and what ultimately was basically pressed in the end was a dispute around the figures and that is in terms of the counting of the figures, the ratio of kangaroos per hectare and what should be an ideal ratio or a sustainable ratio, and questions in relation to the damage or lack of damage that kangaroos cause to our native parks.

 

This is an emotive area in terms of developing a Kangaroo Management Plan, in terms of developing the Nature Conservation Strategy and in terms of developing the science behind how the government officials operate. It has been an ongoing process, certainly as far as I can recall, since self-government in the Territory and perhaps even before then and it has been a very detailed process and there have been a number of plans and it is certainly quite a complex process, and rightly so a complex process too, in terms of the ability of the government to actually get a licence.

 

Canberra is a bush capital. One of the best parts of being in Canberra is the access to native flora and fauna and specifically our national emblem, kangaroos. The legislation has been developed, as I indicated. A lot of it has been referred to and I’m not going to go over what was said by the applicant who took us through I think the legislation very effectively although it is, I think, important to note the Nature Conservation Strategy which the Kangaroo Management Plan follows from where the implementation strategy on page 12 starts with:

 

“The objective is to manage the nature conservation estate to maintain the range of ecosystems present to the fullest possible extent consistent with natural processes and ecological dynamics. (2) To incorporate within the nature reserve system viable samples of all ACT ecosystems.”

 

There is an off-reserve conservation which I’m not going to deal with except it is indicative there that objective (7) does deal with kangaroo management and it states:

 

“To manage the Eastern Grey Kangaroo population so that conservation requirements are satisfactorily integrated with other management issues.”

 

And one of the key actions there was “to develop and implement and integrated strategy for kangaroo management” which led to the Kangaroo Management Plan which has been referred to, naturally enough, during these proceedings.

 

Page 18 implementation strategies:

 

“Conservation of threatened species and ecological communities. The objective is to enable species and communities that are threatened with extinction to survive and thrive in their natural habitats.”

 

The actions for that was:

 

“To develop and implement action plans for declared species and communities, maintain a regional perspective to development and implementation of conservation strategies.”

 

And sundry other matters there. Objective (2) there was “to prevent additional species and ecological communities from being threatened” so the clear plan there, backed up by the kangaroo management strategy and plan and indeed provisions in the Act in terms of just how to go about this, involved “a comprehensive strategy for ensuring that ecosystems in the ACT were protected.” Part of the Act that that actually deals with that was quite properly put by, I think, both counsel yesterday. Action to be taken in terms of getting – terms of, if need be, in this case culling kangaroos and culling kangaroos for the purpose of ensuring a balance and a diversity in terms of bio-strategy.

 

The Act starts with the premise that the government authorities have to satisfy the conservator and go through a series of procedures to enable a licence to be issued. A licence is simply just not going to be issued because the governments wants to do it. There has to be a basis for that and a good scientific basis and good justification and so we start from the premise that if it was an ideal world, you would not have to probably kill anything. It has to be justified and any killing of any native species or anything that affects the biosystem in the ACT has to go through the relevant hoops. I would certainly agree with Mr Webster when he said if there’s something wrong with a strategy, that doesn’t mean that the ACAT or somebody couldn’t comment on it or perhaps if it’s based on some false premises, especially in the operation of the strategy and some of the data or science perhaps used, that is certainly something we could and should comment on.

 

So I thank counsel for their discussion of the legislation and the plan and I think those are some of the salient features I just want to actually bring out. It is a sad fact of life that human development often means species are threatened or indeed made extinct and that is something which unfortunately is perhaps beyond the ability of this Tribunal to influence in any particular way except to say that clearly, with so many people on the planet, 7 billion people, it becomes somewhat unsustainable and I would certainly hope from the really, really big picture governments round the world take some steps to address those sort of problems and indeed that goes right down probably to local government and it needs a co-ordinated approach. It’s certainly far, far bigger than what we are just looking at here. The duty of ACAT, of course, is to interpret the law, interpret such things as the plans, and just make sure that when government decisions are made and departmental decisions are made, and they are tested, that that is done fairly and properly.

 

Basically, this case got down to two gentlemen giving evidence and two gentlemen both who were – had a significant amount of experience in their areas. The Tribunal, where it had to assess the evidence given by both gentlemen, and Dr Fletcher was not put forward as an expert witness per se because, in the ACAT Code of Conduct, an expert witness per se is meant to be completely independent and my two colleagues will probably elaborate a bit more on that. Suffice to say he certainly has excellent qualifications. He has a doctorate in the relevant area and he is certainly well regarded in terms of the scientific papers he has done and he has certainly specialised in kangaroo management and issues such as that in our local area and that was certainly commented on in the 2009 case and certainly he has significant academic qualifications. He is, of course, acting for the government. Naturally, he’s going to defend his own views unless he has a sudden rethink but I must say I’ve certainly formed the opinion that in defending his own views, he gave his evidence in a straightforward way. He was direct and he certainly adopted that approach.

 

Mr Madgwick(?) also was certainly direct and gave his evidence in a very understandable and forthright way and, in fact, I think Mr Madgwick is to be commended for his efforts here. He clearly did not have similar academic qualifications to Dr Fletcher. He has not had a huge amount to do with kangaroos. For what it’s worth, he’s not from the ACT although I do notice that the Bathurst ecosystem isn’t all that different. He isn’t a wildlife biostatistician and analysis person and he certainly doesn’t have the same academic qualifications as Dr Fletcher, or indeed perhaps the same standing in terms of that community. He certainly I found was a good biologist for descriptive survey work and he made I think some excellent points, some of which were perhaps not backed up by the necessary scientific information which would be needed, but nevertheless I found to be very logical points. And it was a very useful exercise with both of these gentlemen going through.

 

I’ll deal now with a couple of areas where there is some significant difference and first and foremost that was the count. In the relevant areas, in the Mount Painter Reserve where Dr Fletcher and his assistants did a sweep count, which is I think about the second best count you can do – direct counts of numbers is the best and the …(indistinct)… transit count is about the third best. All of them are acceptable counts. The government said there were 432 kangaroos. The estimate by the applicants was 80 to 100. In the Goorooyarroo – I’m still not pronouncing that very well – Nature Reserve in the Dundas Flat Area, the government said 189, the applicants say 54.

 

In the Goorooyarroo Forest, the applicant said 15, the government 40 and in the Goorooyarroo Nature Reserve the applicant 154 to 280 and the respondent, 1145. Sorry, the Goorooyarroo/Dundas Flat was a sweep, as was the Goorooyarroo Forest. There was a walk line transit for the Goorooyarroo Nature Reserve. For Mulligans Flat everyone agreed there were 108 eastern grey kangaroos. The Kama Nature Reserve the applicant thought it was between 80 to 100. The sweep count by the government said 200 there. Callum Brae Nature Reserve the applicant thought it was between 60 and 80. The government came out with a – this was a line transit one – 288.

 

There’s a direct count in Mulanggari Reserve. The applicant, whilst they said 200 to 220 didn’t cavil really with the 228. And at the pinnacle there was a sweep done last August. That was explained, though I thought that was a bit late by Dr Fletcher saying, “Well that actually is about the best time to count” and they came up with 677. The applicants were 100 to 200 with an upper limit of 200 eastern grey kangaroos. Suffice to say the respondents used often paid employees, they used significantly more people than the applicants. The applicants naturally did not have a huge amount of time. Mr Madgwick came down and certainly briefed people, volunteers to assist with the counts, but wasn’t there to actually supervise them, whereas Dr Fletcher was.

 

Dr Fletcher certainly seemed to have, in terms of his counts, probably more scientific rigour and more people and also at probably more appropriate times of day, in that the people would come out when it was dark and then start at dawn, when kangaroos are starting to stand up. And, indeed, one could say he had greater resources. So where there was any difference there the Tribunal is and does accept the figures of Dr Fletcher and the respondent, in relation to that. The next issue was the ratio. Now in the kangaroo management plan at page 106 I think it is the ratio is given between 0.6 and 1.5.

 

Dr Fletcher was quite open and frank, in relation to that, and he was rightly pressed by Mr Kennett and Mr Madgwick, in relation to that and there was a lot of discussion, in relation to what the actual appropriate size was. That was crucial in terms of the kangaroo management strategy, the conservation plan for the ACT and the whole basis, in terms of culling kangaroos and the need to cull kangaroos, or the need not to cull kangaroos. And Dr Fletcher indicated that it is an ever evolving science. He indicated that the 0.6 to 1.5 was wrong, but wrong in the extent that there was nothing that was better at this stage. He readily conceded that in the next few years he may well come back with a different set of figures.

 

But when I put it to him on the basis that this is a little bit like democracy it’s a pretty imperfect system, but it’s the best system anyone has invented so far he indicated yes, it’s something akin to that. But he stressed it is an evolving science and the figure that he has been operating on, in terms of kangaroos per hectare is one, being somewhere obviously in the middle of 0.6 to 1.5. I will come back to that because that is important later for the Tribunal’s ultimate decision. Mr Madgwick in his evidence suggested in some instances anything up to 10 kangaroos per hectare may be reasonable and certainly figures more in the vicinity of about 3.7 or 4% upwards per hectare were fine. And that in his view and with the material that he put before the Tribunal he indicated that he felt that those were the sorts of figures we actually should be looking at.

 

There was also a bit of a red herring, perhaps in terms of looking at the number of sheep and economic viability of an area and economic sustainability, as opposed to environmental sustainability. And the Tribunal I think accepted that we were talking about parks and nature conservation parks and biosustainability is quite different to economic sustainability where, at the end of the day to maintain the property you have to make a profit. And so it would be logical in economic sustainability that you would have more animals per hectare than you would if you were talking about environment sustainability.

 

Again I think the Tribunal accepted the evidence put forward by Dr Fletcher as not as complete perhaps as we would like, but that is simply the stage we’re at, in terms of dealing with these matters to the evidence put forward by Mr Madgwick. Mr Madgwick did not seem to have the same – any real documentation to back up to any great extent a lot of what he was actually saying, compared with what Dr Fletcher said. And there was one fairly telling comment a question right at the end where Dr Fletcher was asking him about one of the certain nature parks in terms of what Mr Madgwick was able to get to, and in terms of what he observed there in terms of grasses and some of the grass was high, some of the grass had been grazed.

 

And Dr Fletcher put that on the basis of well that was an area where it was around about one kangaroo per hectare and that’s exactly what he was talking about, in terms of environmental sustainability and ecosystem diversity. So in terms of the actual formulas used for kangaroos the Tribunal accepts the formula which is in the kangaroo management plan. Whilst a lot of very good information and food for thought was put up by Mr Madgwick and I commend him for that, and I think that will go some way perhaps in terms of coming up with even better solutions as this science evolves further, at the end of the day he was unable to back that up with any sustainable independent evidence which would really support his viewpoint and that was more persuasive than what was put up by the respondent.

 

So on that basis the Tribunal does accept the ideal situation for our national parks, our reserves here is between 0.6 to 1.5 roos as ideal at this point in time, noting that that may well change in future. There was also significant conversation in relation to well is it the roos? What about foxes, rabbits and plants? There is a concern by the applicant that the respondent – the ACT Government – wasn’t doing enough in terms of those types of controls. And I know from time to time there have been points raised, for example, over Paterson’s Curse in government paddocks and things.

 

And Dr Fletcher indicated that there were some significant programs which were taking place in recent times to control plants, foxes and rabbits and some studies done. Not total studies across all of the seven areas, but certainly some significant work there. And at the end of the day the Tribunal was left with a situation where there was nothing to indicate that we had anything to indicate that the 0.6 to 1.5 roos per hectare was, in fact, a reasonable premise to actually work on and that those other issues were not of any real effect on that. There were some other points raised in the material which wasn’t really touched on in this hearing and I don’t cavil with that at all, but there is some relevance there.

 

Mention was made in the hearing briefly of the Belconnen Mobil Station and the fact that there used to be 650 roos there and we’re down to about a hundred and that it was certainly a very emotive issue when the cull was done there in 2008, and perhaps rightly so. What was interesting in the written material was the fact that about 50% of those animals did not have any liver fat or brooded liver fat. And I certainly do recall at the time there were certain issues around the drought and certainly starvation of kangaroos too. And that perhaps is another reason to ensure a manageable population because whilst many people find killing of any animal abhorrent, animals starving to death also is quite abhorrent and these are the factors that will need to be taken into account.

 

We noted in the material that there were allegations of some significant cruelty and I would encourage the ACT Government – again this wasn’t pushed, but it is crucially essential for this regime to work that all relevant steps are taken to ensure that any animal is despatched humanely. And that is something which I think invariably does happen, but there were some concerns expressed in the documentation here that that hadn’t happened and that is somewhere where the government authorities need to be forever vigilant.

 

Little was also made of car crashes. Well clearly if we are to enjoy a biodiverse area with kangaroos and other animals there will be road kills. Obviously there’ll be more road kills if there are more animals and no one likes to see an animal killed that way. And so perhaps with proper management it does mean less road kills, but that is a fact of life and it cuts both ways. People don’t like it driving their cars and people perhaps need to be a lot more careful in driving their cars. But conversely it’s not terribly good for a lot of animals to be killed in road kill too. And if proper conservation measures are taken all of that can be minimised.

 

Now, my colleagues are going to elaborate on certain issues and considerations the government also might need to take into account. I will conclude by saying constant vigilance is needed by government agencies, not only in the ACT but elsewhere in Australia to ensure that there is a balance and that kangaroo populations are maintained at a proper level. It was only 40 years ago I think that people were worried that they may become extinct. It is an evolving science we’re dealing with here. A lot of work has been done, certainly locally in the last 20 years and I think that’s nationally too, in relation to biodiversity. And I think that stands us in very good stead for future improvements in the future to this area of science.

 

Coming to the actual decisions taken by the government the issue of seven licences, the Tribunal because this is not an exact science and mindful of the intent behind the Act and the intent that killing an animal is only to be done where it’s deemed absolutely necessary, we are of the view that unless there is good reason shown why that should not occur the upper limit of 1.5 roos per hectare is the figure that we should base our decision on, and we so do. There are two areas where the figures look quite strange to start with. They were certainly less than – in some areas they’d leave more than one kangaroo per hectare and in others you’d end up having, for example, 10 kangaroos and nine were going to be killed.

 

Now that was explained at length by Dr Fletcher in relation to some scientific evidence being given and the fact that that wouldn’t mean you’d end up with no kangaroos in an area. There’d be movement of other kangaroos, but it was part of a scientific process, in relation to better management. And that is why, in relation to the Goorooyarroo Reserve and also I believe the other one I think was Mulligans Flat a certain number were sought to be culled and the Tribunal would accept that that is fair enough in the circumstances.

 

So the Tribunal’s decision is that all seven licences – the decision to issue seven licences will be affirmed. In the case of licence No LK2013534 that is affirmed as is for 740 kangaroos. In terms of LK2013535 and that is Mulligans Flat, and that is in relation to 78 kangaroos that will just simply be affirmed. But the other licences and the decision to issue them, whilst it will be affirmed the licences will be varied. In the case of licence 2013532 and that is The Pinnacle only 200 kangaroos will be allowed to be culled there, rather than the 300. In the case of Mount Painter it’ll be 80 it’s wrong. Yes, in the case of Mount Painter it’ll be 80 as opposed to 120.

 

In the case of Kama it’ll be 27, instead of 40. Callum Brae it’ll be 94 instead of 140 and Milungaru(?) it’ll be 25, instead of 37. For those of you who are statistically inclined that’ll mean the total number able to be culled in the seven areas will be 1244, as opposed to the 1455 sought. I note the lateness of the culling and if it started tonight there is only some 22 nights and whether the government reaches that or not is perhaps a moot point but those are the figures which we have come with in terms of the variation of the licenses for the reasons given.

 

I will now ask my colleague, Alan Anforth, Senior Member Alan Anforth, to make any comments he wishes to. He will then excuse himself because he has to attend to another hearing.

 

Mr Anforth.

 

SENIOR MEMBER ANFORTH: There are a couple of points, firstly, just be clear that we did not take the view we were bound by the kangaroo plan. It is a mere policy which has no statutory course. It weight resided in the extent to which it had been the subject of scrutiny and quasi-peer review not by the intervening belief on our behalf that it was sacrosanct or beyond challenge by the applicant or beyond scrutiny by us. So it is clear that we did not accept that submission.

 

Secondly, I personally express the view and still hold the view that there is an issue. We did not need to resolve that there is an issue in my mind whether the items in criteria are a valid expression of the delegation which are given in the Act in terms of the generality with which they leave most of the substance to be determined by the conservator. That was not a matter we needed to determine for the purposes of this case. I sort of, in my view it remains an open issue.

 

The third point I make is in respect of Dr Fletcher’s evidence. Made the point earlier that although Dr Fletcher’s evidence was probative in content it is important to realise that something follows from not formally being an independent expert and the President has indicated there are two limbs there, independent and expert. And the independent is important. It is important for two reasons. Firstly, there is a natural emotional tendency for people to want to support their own decision and that is a very common phenomenon in administrative law and it is the reason why there is independent review at various stages. That people will, for better or for worse, have that inclination to defend their own decision.

 

The second reason is fresh eyes. The second reason for having an independent expert is that reasonable minds can differ. Two people with relevant expertise can review the same data and review the same issues and come to different conclusions without either of them being unreasonable. It is a question of what weight they put on things. It is a question of how they construe certain of the evidence. That is the idea of fresh eyes. If you have the same person reviewing their own decision and giving evidence in respect of their own decision there are no fresh eyes. That whatever assumptions that person made in the first place when they came to their decision they are likely to perpetuate that same set of assumptions in their capacity as a witness, as an independent or as a witness.

 

And I mean no disrespect whatever of Dr Fletcher but as a principle it is not good. The weight that is given to evidence must reflect, amongst other things, the independence of the person and it is our suggestion that in future matters that if the ACT is called upon to defend administrative applications of this kind it would be better served having an independent expert who has standing at an academic national or international level who brings fresh eyes to the issue. And I repeat there is no disrespect imputed for Dr Fletcher’s level of expertise. It is simply the question of the lack of independence implicit in that recommendation.

 

They were the points I make.

 

PRESIDENT STEFANIAK: Thank you and you want to be excused?

 

SENIOR MEMBER ANFORTH: Yes.

 

PRESIDENT STEFANIAK: Thank you, Alan.

 

Adrian.

 

SENIOR MEMBER DAVEY: Okay, I just address a couple of issues in relation to the witness for the applicant because at the outset of proceedings the respondent raised an objection to the qualifications of the witness as an expert witness but the Tribunal chose to proceed to hear the evidence and to treat the matter as an issue as how much weight would be put on that evidence. We would have to say that the Tribunal, in the end, did not have before it evidence that establishes the expertise in the disciplines of estimation of wildlife abundance and population dynamics. The counsel for the applicant quite correctly argued that there are other means of establishing credibility of an expert, they being experience, but the issues really need to be addressed in the context of what are the norms of the discipline in question.

 

So, the matter of absence of a higher degree, for instance, which is not contested, was not even addressed in the context of what would be the normal requirement, the minimum requirement, for someone to have credibility in that field. In a reputable research institution anywhere in the world for instance. Likewise on the other criteria, what would be the normal measures of credibility in that field and they are typically measured by a publication record and matters of peer review; quality assessment appropriate to the relevant discipline and matters of national, preferably international standing in the discipline and impact. In other words it is not just the number of research outputs someone might produce it is evidence that they have actually made a difference.

 

Now, we did not hear evidence about those. We did see that there is an impressive record of outputs and simply make the point that given what we did receive we are not in a position – a long list, no matter how excellent, does not, of itself, establish anything about either the quality or the impact of what is in that list. It might be there but it was not established for our purposes and so we could not put a great of reliance on it particularly when very little of that list had clearly been the subject of peer review which is one of the normal quality assurance mechanisms that definitely applies in this discipline.

 

There is also an issue of independence because in seeking to establish the depth of experience of the witness our attention was drawn to one recent example which happened to be relevant to this particular case in which the way it was represented in the CV was as if it had been a commission piece of independent analysis but it became clear that, in fact, it had been an unsolicited piece of advocacy. And so that calls into question the independence of other items on the same list. So independence is also part of that measure of the quality assurance that might apply to whatever publication record an expert is supposedly putting forward.

 

The other aspect to it is that we did hearing during testimony a number of criticisms of – somewhat speculatively – bias on the part of various scientists who have worked on kangaroo management issues. The tribunal cannot give much weight to those criticisms when they have been through international peer review quality assurance processes and the authors involved have most of those other attributes that would normally establish them as having credibility when the critic has not demonstrated that they themselves meet that quality assurance standard. The criticisms might nevertheless have something in them, but they cannot be given very much weight.

 

PRESIDENT STEFANIAK: All right, I will just read out the actual formal orders and if counsel have any issues with that or corrections, please let me know. And I thank my colleagues for their comments as well and hopefully people can take all that into account for future reference.

 

Right, firstly the orders will be, the decision to issue licence LK2013534 and LK2013535 to the party joined is affirmed.

 

Two, the decision to issue licence LK2013532, licence LK2013533, licence LK2013536, licence LK2013537 and licence LK2013538 to the policy joined is affirmed, but the number of Eastern Grey kangaroos allowed to be killed shall be as follows: Licence A LK2013532, the Pinnacle, 200; LK2013533, Mount Painter, 80; C, licence LK2013536, Kama, 27; LK2013537, Callum Brae, 94; LK2013538, Mulanggari, 25.

 

Ms Katavic, anything in relation to that? Just in terms of the wording?

 

MS KATAVIC: Probably making sure that with all – – –

 

PRESIDENT STEFANIAK: Yes, I just want to make – – –

 

MS KATAVIC: – – – …(indistinct)…section 68 of the ACAT Act, that is the only – – –

 

PRESIDENT STEFANIAK: I just want to make sure that that is – – –

 

MS KATAVIC: Essentially in relation to order 2, it is an exercise of the power under section 68(3)(b) of the ACAT Act.

 

PRESIDENT STEFANIAK: Well, though, do I actually need to say that? I mean, you have indicated yesterday that clearly the tribunal has the power to vary a licence.

 

MS KATAVIC: It does have the power to vary a licence but there are two different powers. One is the power to confirm a decision which is a power in itself, and the second power which is separate to that which is the power of variation, the one I understand you are exercising in relation to order 2.

 

PRESIDENT STEFANIAK: All right, so you are saying I should say pursuant to whatever the section is of the decision.

 

MS KATAVIC: Section 68(3)(b).

 

PRESIDENT STEFANIAK: All right. Have you got any issue with that, Mr Smit?

 

MS KATAVIC: Each of those decisions.

 

PRESIDENT STEFANIAK: That is probably correct.

 

MR SMIT: …(inaudible)…

 

PRESIDENT STEFANIAK: Pursuant to what?

 

MS KATAVIC: Section 68(3)(b).

 

PRESIDENT STEFANIAK: Have you got the section there? I will just have a quick look at that just to satisfy myself that – “The decision,”  sorry, “The tribunal must by order vary the decision.” All right, section 68 states this, subsection (1), “This section applies if the tribunal reviews a decision by an entity.” We have done that.

 

(2) The tribunal may exercise any function given by an act to the entity for making a decision.

 

(3) The tribunal must by order:

        (a) confirm the decision or vary the decision, or

        (b) or set aside the division and make a substitute decision;             or

        (c) remit the matter that is a subject of the decision for                 reconsideration by the decision-maker.

 

The effect in 69, “This section applies if the tribunal makes an order under section 68(3),” which is what we are doing, “in relation to a decision.” Subsection (2) of 69 says:

 

The order is taken to be the decision of the decision-maker and… (b) takes effect from the day the tribunal makes the order unless the tribunal orders otherwise.

 

So that is certainly quite clear and that is the tribunal’s intent. So I think the correct form of words there would be simply, 1, order number 1 in relation to the two licences where we are making no variation, just stays as it is and I do not see any need to say “pursuant” or anything there.

 

Just to be sure though, for order 2, well, we are varying. We are sitting in the shoes of the decision-maker and as a result of what we have heard varying the order. That will be pursuant to section 68 subsection (3) subsection (b), the decision to issue licence et cetera, et cetera, et cetera, as I have said. All right, I think that is more proper. That is, proper, not more proper, because it is bad English.

 

All right, is there anything further from the parties? Look, thank you and I say again, as I said yesterday, I thank the large number of people who have obviously assisted in this matter and that includes, for the applicant, the various – if there are any here, the various people who assisted the applicant in terms of counting and anything else. And to the respondents, the various people, be they students, public servants or any volunteers you had who did also on your side and to the various officers here.

 

And I look forward to following with interest any further advances in the science of all of this. All right, thank you very much and I thank everyone for their attendance in what was a fairly short space of time to get all of it done. Thank you. The tribunal is adjourned.

 

 

ADJOURNED    [11.46 am]


 


… a better life for all

Mrs K Gallagher
Chief Minister

ACT Government
G
PO Box 1020
Canberra ACT 2600

Postal address:

PO Box 1010
Strawberry Hills NSW

Email: info@animaljusticeparty.org

Web: www.animaljusticeparty .org

22 May 2013

cc Mr S Rattenbury

ACT Minister for Territory and Municipal Services

Chief Minister

A Moratorium on Kangaroo Killing in the ACT

The Animal Justice Party of Australia opposes the killing of kangaroos in the ACT by
your Government on three groun
ds: a) there is a serious decline in kangaroo numbers across the
ACT as a whole
, and on its nature reserves, with numbers drastically lower than the levels your
Government has its
elf advocated were needed to sustain its grasslands and its kangaroo
population, b) the killing program your Government has imposed involves gross animal cruelty
ofthe most grotesque kind, and c) the availabi
lity of successful ethical noharm alternatives
and exper
tise to implement them, including experience within the ACT, in situations where
kangaroo habitat ha
s been significantly compromised. At a minimum, the AJP calls for a
moratorium on the killing of kan
garoos until these matters are more properly considered by
yo
ur Government.

Last year, ACT Greens MLA Mr Rattenbury, now one of your Ministers, said he would
we
lcome independent research into estimates of kangaroo numbers in ACT nature reserves.
Thi
s research is nearing completion and early results have already been given to Mr
Ra
ttenbury. You and Mr Rattenbury have also in the past been presented with autopsy
ev
idence (from a highly respected forensic wildlife veterinarian) of severe brutality resulting
from the Government’s killing program last year. The availability and success of no-harm
al
ternatives such as translocation, including in the ACT and more widely, has also been brought
to the attention of both you and Mr Rattenbury.

We are disturbed now to read in The Guardian newspaper that Greens Minister Mr
Rattenbury has said: Without a predator, kangaroos have increased their abundance and have a
detrimental impact on the rest ofthe ecosystem’ , and the Greens have not opposed that cull’. If
Mr Rattenbury has peerreviewed and authoritative evidence that kangaroos have a detrimental
impact on the ecosystem why have we never been able to see it and have it independently
scrutinised? Where is the evidence of apparent ecosystem improvement from the previous four

years of kangaroo killing? This has been asked for many times and has never been
forthcoming. Clearly, Mr Rattenbury and the ACT Government are conveniently choosing to
ignore human ‘predation’ (housing and commercial development, killing programs) and their
vehicles and guns, wire fencing, out-of- control dogs and degraded habitat due to weed
infestation. The chance of a newborn kangaroo infant reaching maturity is now less than 20 per
cent
. If significant public funds are being spent on killing kangaroos to supposedly improve the
local ecosystem, the public needs to be able to scrutinise the results of this expenditure.

Mr Rattenbury, the ACT Greens and your Government have supported the brutal killing
of kang
aroos for four years. This is just one of many reasons why this country desperately
ne
eds an Animal Justice Party so that animals have an honest and passionate voice in this
country’s parliaments where decisions are made that impact on their wellbeing. This is the
reason why the AJP is standing ten candidates in the forthcoming federal election on September
14
, including for the Senate in the ACT, and why it will contest all jurisdictional elections,
including in the ACT
, from now on.

Attached (Attachment 1) you will see evidence from respected consulting wildlife
ecologist Ray Mjadwesch, author of the highly influential 2011 report: Nomination to List the
Large Macropods as Threatened Species under the NSW Threatened Species Conservation Act
1995. Mjadwesch says the numbers of kangaroos in the ACT are far from abundant and have
plummeted by around 75 per cent since white settlement. Indeed, there are now areas across
the ACT where kangaroos are locally extinct, or are threatened with local extinction
.

Mjadwesch’s analysis concludes:

28.3 per cent ofthe ACT is unsuitable habitat for Eastern Grey Kangaroos (EGKs) on
account of stee
p terrain, incorrect vegetation types etc.

• Eastern Grey Kangaroos are extinct in 20.5 per cent ofthe ACT, on account of human
occ
upation (city and suburban areas, and heavily modified rural landscapes)

• Kangaroos are under pressure across 29.9 per cent of the ACT, from agriculture (loss of
habitat and shooting), shooting in nature reserves, and from the softwood industry
(loss
/disruption of habitat)

• Kangaroo habitat in which EGKs are effectively conserved now occupies only 21.3 per
cent of Australia’s capital territory, down from 71.7 per cent of the ACT in 1788.’

This datasupported evidence stands in stark contrast to the ACT Governments own data
a
nd Mr Rattenbury’s statements suggesting ‘abundance’. There is no abundance of kangaroos
in the ACT. It is an urban myth perpetuated by those with a poor regard for our nation’s iconic
wildlife
. For this reason alone there is serious cause for concern and a need for a moratorium on
killing kangaroos to enable fuller investigation.

On Mr Rattenbury’s invitation last year, ACT citizens concerned about its wildlife have
been undertak
ing independent kangaroo counts on Canberra’s nature reserves, on which the
ACT Government k
illing program has been implemented in recent years. Ecologist Ray
Mjadwesch has provide
d instruction to this group of concerned citizens. Information about
previous Canberra killing pr
ograms under FOI suggest the methodology of kangaroo counting
used by ACT Government officials is superficial and highly inaccurate, with gross
exaggeration. Additional advice on vegetation cover has also been obtained by those carrying
o
ut the independent community science kangaroo counts. The four teams of ACT citizens
co
ncerned about Canberra’s wildlife have used GPS, compasses, range finders and their
particul
ar knowledge of kangaroo behaviour to examine numbers of kangaroos and vegetation
on
11 nature reserves at various times throughout the day in various weather conditions, to be
sure that many of the typical influencing variables are accounted for. A total of 43 separate
s
urveys were undertaken across the
11 reserves by ACT citizens concerned about Canberras
w
ildlife. Detailed reports on the habitat condition of every nature reserve compiled by these
teams are current
ly being completed.

While the final writeup of research on the 11 nature reserves is not quite complete, the
attached table (Attachment 2) gives an indication of kangaroo densities based on the survey
work completed. This data,
using the higherlevel count estimate figures from the four teams,
s
hows alarmingly low kangaroo densities, giving rise to concern that at these levels there will
be no sustainability in kangaroo numbers and they will decline to mere remnant levels at best,
given the many other
threats to their habitat and movement. It is important to be aware that
kangaroos are highly stressed animals and the ACT citizens concerned about Canberra’s
wildlife all noted in their survey work the differing behaviour on those reserves where k
illing
and harassment of kangaroos has occ
urred. Post-traumatic stress is a significant determinant in
reduced wildlife procreation and this has been noticed on ACT reserves in the lower levels of
at
foot infant offspring.

Chief Minister, in earlier planning documents the ACT Government has said it wanted
to have kangaroo densities at around one kangaroo per hectare on its nature reserves. More
recently, your officia
ls have stated that your target is now 0.5 kangaroos per hectare, or in dry
s
heep equivalent grassland carrying capacity terms around onetenth of a single sheep per
hectare, or onethirtieth of a single cow. While these figures are ridiculously low for a soft-
footed native animal that has existed in this country for 16 mi
llion years, the data now being
collected t
hrough community science in the ACT now actually show much lower kangaroo
densities, with the highest kangaroo density being a mere (maximum estimate) 0.378 kangaroos
per hectare
. The Goorooyaroo nature reserve has an estimated maximum kangaroo density of
just 0.099. Chief Minister, this equates to around one fiftieth of one sheep and around a
h
undred and fiftieth of a single cow in grassland carrying capacity terms. The averag
e
kangaroo density over the
11 reserves is only 0.208. This is plain environmental van
dalism.

Chief Minister, each year when a kangaroo kill program is carried out the Government‘s
rhetoric is always about how humane it will be and that it is carried out by well
trained
professional shooters, who only need one clean shot to the brain for an instantaneous death
.

We now know this is completely false. You earlier received the autopsy report of a kangaroo
killed during the 2012 kill. This autopsy report was completed by internationally known and
highly respected wildlife and forensic veterinarian Dr Howard Ralph. While this report is for
o
nly one rescued body, it is highly likely that many other animals suffered the same pitiful and
cruel fate as this random example. There are many photos of kangaroos dug up from the burial
pit by activists last year that show miss
shots to the head. These photos are also attached
(
Attachment 4).

In Dr Ralphs forensic report of 4 June 2012 (Attachment 3), we would like you to
focus on the very last paragraph which states (inter alia):

The above series of lesions indicates that the kangaroo was first shot, then bludgeoned
on the head and then stabbed in the neck. The evidence is consistent with the kangaroo
being alive until finall
y being exsanguinated and asphyxiated by a laceration to the
t
hroat. The kangaroo very likely suffered severe pain and distress for some time during
this progressive attack, until the fatal exsanguination and asphyxiation.

Chief Minister, you cannot possibly ignore this kind of extreme brutality to a sentient
being. To do so would demonstrate the worst kind of human behaviour; in which a wider right
minded community would have serious misgivings about who they have in charge of their city.
I
n this regard we draw your attention to the recent Cambridge Declaration of eminent
n
euroscientists and neuropsychologists (2012) in the presence of Professor Stephen Hawking.
That Declaration states (inter alia):

... the weight of evidence indicates that humans are not unique in possessing the
neu
rological substrates that generate consciousness. Nonhuman animals, including all
mammals and bird
s, and many other creatures, including octopuses, also possess these
neuro
logical substrates.

Chief Minister, clearly some kangaroos are at risk on Canberra’s nature reserves due to
habitat destruction, shooting by surrounding rural lessee farmers, weed infestation and
continued harassment by humans and dogs. In those reserves where kangaroo safety is at risk
we favour translocation to more habitatfriendly places as an ethical, successful, nokill method
of manageme
nt. The research by Ray Mjadwesch, summarised in the attached report from him
(Attachment 1), suggests there are plenty of areas in the ACT to which kangaroos could be
mo
ved.

The success of kangaroo translocation has been demonstrated in peer-reviewed
literature and in a recent example in the ACT. Such success depends on it being done
sensiti
vely by people with experience in kangaroo behaviour and translocation, as well as skills
a
nd a licence in chemical immobilisation. It is now not accurate for your Government to say
that the tran
slocation of kangaroos cannot be successfully undertaken. Indeed Chief Minister,
the AJP’s senate candidate for the ACT in the forthcoming federal election, Marcus Fillinger, is
a
highly qualified and licenced expert in chemical immobilisation. There are few others that
can boast his level of expertise in this area and he is available in the ACT.

Chief Minister, the cost to the ACT ratepayer of the 2012 ACT Government killing
program was more than $215000, or more than $186 for each of the 1154 kangaroos you had
slaughtered. Based on the costs of a recent kangaroo translocation program within the ACT
that had a one hundred per cent success rate, we know the cost of a nokill approach through
translocation is just
$24.20 per translocated kangaroo. Chief Minister, this cost is six times less
expen
sive than what you have spent on your killing program.

The cost savings of translocation rather than killing, include no need for security
per
sonnel and police, their travel and accommodation, no need for shooters, their travel and
acco
mmodation, no need for government rangers, no need for ammunition, no need for heavy
excava
tion equipment for burial pits, no need to close the nature reserves to the general public
for a continuous period, and no need to hire intensifier night vision / thermal imaging
equipment or encumber vital imaging assets from emergency services whi
ch in turn could cost
the lives of the gener
al public in an emergency.

Other benefits include avoidance of significantly increased protests and growing negative
p
ublic opinion, and learning about how to save animal lives, which requires considerably more
skill and knowledge than simp
ly killing.

Further information about kangaroo translocation costs in a delayed release situation are
found in the peer rev
iewed publication
http://www.awrc.org.au/uploads/5/8/6/6/5866843/garlick austen translocation2.pdf

Chief Minister, we have one other significant concern about the actions your
Govern
ment has taken with respect to kangaroo killing in the ACT and the recent statements by
Greens Minister Mr Rattenbury that
a cull is necessary. In a world where daily news about
violence has become all
consuming there is now peer-reviewed evidence that brutality to
a
nimals, and the depiction and support for animal brutality, leads to violence and cruelty by
humans against humans in our co
mmunities. For this additional reason it is not alright to
brutalise kangaroos as has occurred in Canberra in the past five years.

Chief Minister, in the past your Government has stated that in killing kangaroos it
applie
s the precautionary principlein relation to other ecological elements in the ACT. There
has ne
ver been any causal evidence that kangaroos have a deleterious impact on this ecology –
it is
purely associative evidence, which is not satisfactory in defending a program of native
animal killing on ecological grounds. Simple photographs of a fenced and unfenced area of
grassland are fa
r from sufficient scientific evidence. Chief Minister, if we are to operate under
t
he ‘precautionary principle’, let us have scientific uncertainty and growing public concern
resol
ved by detailed and independent analysis. In that regard a moratorium is the only decision
t
hat can be made. You will lose no votes with such a decision. How ‘true blue’ will you be in
thi
s year of ACT centenary?


Professor Steve Garlick PhD
President
, Animal Justice Party


Marcus Fillinger

Candidate for the Animal Justice Party for the Senate in the ACT


  • Kangaroos in the ACT – a predicted model of distribution and abundance.
  • Attached graphic illustrates a model for distribution of Eastern Grey Kangaroos in the ACT in 2013,
    based on kangaroo observations (Atlas of Living Australia (light blue triangles), scientific studies
    (blue triangles) and community reports (pink triangles)), land-use, vegetation type and terrain
    phys
    iognomy.
    Green indicates that suitable habitat exists in the unit, and there is protection for kangaroos (national
    park
    / conservation reserve). These units include open grasslands such as at Tidbinbilla, as well as
    higher ranges comprising grassy forests, however it may be that wildfire has removed kangaroos
    from some of the illustrated situations. If kangaroos persist they could be expected to occur at near-
    normal densities in optimal habitat areas
    (between 200-450 / km2, possibly at lower densities in sub-
    optima
    l habitats).

    Note that green does not indicate that the whole square is suitable habitat, it just indicates that
    some of the square is potential habitat
    , and in this section of the square kangaroos can be expected
    to
    persist at something approximating 1788 densities. In the south of the ACT (Namadji National
    Park) the green is based on Banks descriptions of abundantkangaroos at his 4 study sites (2001).

    Orange indicates locations where kangaroos generally persist in landscapes where they are not
    protected, and where they are subject to impacts of human occupation, including rural lands,
    remnants adjoining urban development or land bounded / bisected by roads, and conservation
    r
    eserves in which shooting occurs. These areas formerly represented optimal kangaroo habitat
    (expected 1788 densities 200-450 / km2), and this made these lands a target for agricultural
    deve
    lopment historically. Given stated densities in these regions (TAMS KMP 2010) of around 40/
    k
    m2 (in 1997) and a target density of 0.5/ha in the urban reserves, reductions in these areas could
    be expected to be in the order of 80-90%.

    Red indicates landscapes where kangaroos are under extinction pressure. This unit includes small
    isola
    ted remnants, and cleared lands adjoining known / occupied areas and remnants. Kangaroos in
    these areas are often in trouble (on roadsides, trying to navigate their way through cleared farmland
    / fences, etc), and are likely to have experienced decline in the order of up to 99% (may persist at
    densit
    ies of 1-5 / km2).

    Black indicates areas where kangaroos are presumed extinct (likely 100% reduction). These areas
    a
    re typically highly fertile landscapes, historically given to agricultural, and urban development,
    including the CBD and suburbs, airport, highly modified agricultural landscapes etc. These units
    would
    previously have supported 200450 kangaroos / km2.

    Gold indicates pine plantations. While kangaroos can persist in pine plantations, when harvesting
    occ
    urs this is highly disruptive to populations, which generally disperse into surrounding landscapes
    with often poor outcomes on local roads and in fences. Vegetation clearing also drives kangaroos
    into neighbouring farmland, where they are frequently shot, and the cycle of pine planting and
    harvesting, oft repeated, can push populations to critically low levels or extinction. For the purposes
    o
    f this discussion Eastern Grey Kangaroo densities in pine plantations are estimated to be 90%
    r
    educed from 1788 levels.

    White indicates habitats typically unused by Eastern Grey Kangaroos, principally on account of
    steep terrain and generally unsuitable vegetation types being present. Dispersing animals may
    sometimes be encountered in these habitats in low densities (negligible contribution to total for the
    ACT).

    There are additional layers I would like to add to this graphic, including a density distribution map of
    shoo
    ting statistics across the ACT (for the purposes of “damage mitigationand conservation
    c
    ulling), to further illustrate the pattern of persecution across the territory. Further refinement of the
    pred
    ictive model based on vegetation mapping of the ACT would also be an objective to finalise this
    direction of my investigation, with reference to http://http://www.anra.gov.au/topics/vegetation/extentlactlindex.html.ln
    a
    ddition there may be natural altitudinallimits to their distribution (max height of observations c.
    1300m at Bulls Head), which I have not taken into consideration in predicting their possible
    distribution through the high country.

    I am also in receipt of 46 data sets and hundreds of photos from community surveys across the
    urban reserves, on which basis density calculations and population estimates are being produced.
    Th
    ese do seem to vary significantly from the various TAMS pellet count and community survey
    esti
    mates. All of this is obviously a lot of work to do however, particularly in an unpaid capacity, and
    as I have paid contracts which require my attention at the moment, it will take some time to
    incorporate these additional determinants into the model.

    In the interim, the following summary provides an indicator of the order of magnitude of decline in
    kangaroos in the ACT:

    • 28.3% of the ACT is unsuitable habitat for Eastern Grey Kangaroos on account of steep
      terrain, incorrect vegetation types etc
    • Eastern Grey Kangaroos are extinct from 20.5% of the ACT, on account of human
      occupation (city and urban areas, and heavily modified rural landscapes)
      • Kangaroos are under pressure across 29.9% of the ACT, from agriculture (loss of habitat
        and shooting), shooting in reserves, and from softwood industry (loss of habitat / disruption)
      • Kangaroo habitat in which they are effectively conserved now occupies only 21.3% of
        Aust
        ralias capital territory, down from 71.7% of the ACT in 1788.

    Overall kangaroo decline (simple reduction in distribution and abundance) across the ACT is
    expected to be in the order of 75.8%.

    I have tried to be optimistic in allocating green to squares in the south of the study area, to ensure
    t
    hat kangaroo distribution is not underestimated. It may be that tracts of potential habitat through
    places like Emu Flat and Kangaroo Creek actually have no kangaroos, in which case the magnitude
    o
    f decline will be greater than indicated above. If you just consider the top half of the ACT (down to
    line 44) the order of predicted decline runs at around 88%.

    Apart from page 15 of the TAMS KMP (2010) which obviates the need for further discussion on this
    top
    ic (picture of ideal habitat“, but where are the kangaroos?), an irresolvable contradiction within
    the culling program is simply demonstrated by the statement in the ACT kangaroo shooting program
    promotional
    information, which describes kangaroos at densities of up to and exceeding 450/ km2
    a
    t Yankee Hat without any significant impact on grassland / woodland conservation values.

    Simultaneously impacts on grasslands by over-abundant populationsis exactly the reason cited for
    th
    eir shooting in and around the city reserves, where TAMS have identified initial densities of only
    154
    355 I km2, with aspirationall target densities of only 50-160 / km2 being described as
    sustainable” .

    The ACT Government and TAMS are faced with a stark choice.

  1. Continue with an unpopular and seemingly unjustifiable program of shooting, even in the face of
    emerging evidence clearly indicating significant and continuing decline in the subject species, or
  2. Operate under the precautionary principle, where scientific uncertainty can be resolved by
    detai
    led and independent analysis of the findings of Or Fletcher, and of a parallel community
    driven study on the kangaroos of the parks and reserves of the city precincts (in prep).

Given the amount of shooting which has already occurred (up to 80% of animals have been shot in
some reserves
), not shooting the kangaroos in the parks and reserves for a year, while this issue is
reso
lved, is not going to cause irreparable damage to ecosystems, which are reported to be affected
by the so-called
over-abundantkangaroos.

Or Fletcher’s local knowledge and input would be welcome, to further refine the attached predictive
mode
l for kangaroos in the ACT. It would be expected that groundtruthing sections of the landscape
and do
ing density studies in different land systems (for example pine forests) would allow more
accurate estimates
to be made. It may be that a simple walk to somewhere like Square Rock (L46)
would
render several green squares white (on account of habitat being unsuitable), for example.
Obviously further careful consideration of these and other factors affecting kangaroos across the
ACT wi
ll be required before there can be concluding statements on the situation there, however
initial impressions are cause for serious concern.

It should be remembered that the attached model is a startpoint for quantifying the distribution and
abundance of t
his iconic species across the ACT, in the face of ever-intensifying human impact, in
o
rder to initiate discussion about conservation of a species at risk.

In the longer term it seems inevitable that the future for kangaroos in the reserves of the city
precinc
ts will be untenable. Their decline as suburbs continue to swallow land, and their fate as they
are
forced onto roads and through fences is not a kind one, as groups are broken up and dispersed,
and as they are run over, chased by dogs and caught in fences. The current situation also places an
unfai
r onus of responsibility on wildlife rescuers and carers in the region.

The attached graphic illustrates the solution, as well as the problem, however. Populations
pers
isting in isolation (such as Crace, Mulligans, Majura, the Pinnacle, Mt Painter etc) may require
relocating for their o
wn sake; there seem to be ample landscapes within the system of reserves in
the ACT
to accommodate them.

A translocation program, including construction of release compounds and running a monitoring
prog
ram, should not exceed the current shooting budget, while providing a safe, humane and long
term solution to the problems faced by the kangaroos (and their managers) in and around Canberra.
Where locals do like and want their kangaroos, these communities will require assistance in
managing and protecting populations.


  • I hope these comments are helpful.

    All the best


    Ray Mjadwesch
    Conservation Biologist

    2013

    Attachment 2:

    Kangaroo densities on Canberra nature reserves March/ April 2013*

    Reserve

    Area (Ha)

    Number of

    Maximum survey

    Density

    survey team

    siting (at foot)**

    estimates

    undertaken

    Callum Brae

    143

    2

    54 (12)

    0.378

    Crace

    136

    1

    46 (8)

    0.338

    Farrer Ridge

    178

    6

    53 (17)

    0.298

    Goorooyaroo

    746

    4

    74 (6)

    0.099

    Kama

    155

    2

    36 (13)

    0.232

    Majura

    330 (KMU)

    3

    59 (21)

    0.179

    Mt Painter

    232 (KMU)

    4

    77 (8)

    0.332

    Mulligans Flat

    352

    6

    82 (2)

    0.230

    Pinnacle

    358 (KMU)

    8

    69 (9)

    0.193

    OConnor

    62

    1

    16 (4)

    0.258

    Wanniassa Hills

    498 (KMU)

    6

    97 (13)

    0.195

    Total

    3190

    43

    663

    0.208

    *Undertaken by ACT citizens concerned about wildlife and advised by consulting ecologist Ray
    Mjadwesch.

    **maximum siting from the surveys undertaken in column 3.

    DR H RALPH

    BVSc (Hons), MVS (Wildlife Medicine)
    MBBS (Hens)
    , JCCA Accred (Anaesth),
    A/Dip FA, Dip TESL, Cert Ed NSW

    Clinical Forensic MO

    15 June 2012

    REPORT PERTAINING TO EASTERN GREY KANGAROO

    On 4 June 2012, I was requested to conduct a post mortem examination on a young,
    male Eastern Grey Kangaroo. The kangaroo weighed 16kg.

    POST MORTEM EXAMINATION

    The nutritional status of the kangaroo was adequate.

    The kangaroo was externally moist and the fur contained a considerable amount of
    dried and moist di
    rt in small rolled balls attached to the fur. There was blood partly
    cover
    ing the head, neck, front legs and chest. There were several wounds evident
    on the head and neck.

    The first of these wounds was a small (0.5 to 1.0 cm diameter) rounded hole that
    penetrated deeply into the tissue at the level
    of the zygomatic arch and mid distance
    between the r
    ight eye and the right ear. The penetration progressed in a line from

    the small hole, through the soft tissue of the temporal, masseter and facial muscles
    and out through the lateral area that was originally the mandible. That area showed a
    large (6
    x 5 cm), irregular wound containing remnants of soft tissue and multiple small
    fragments of mandibular bone and teeth
    . The original structure of the mandible and
    teeth was totally disrupted. There two wounds are consistent with a bullet wound
    entry above and exit below
    .

    The second wound was at the posterodorsal (back and top) aspect of the head.
    There was conside
    rable crepitus (crunching sensation) on palpation of the skull and
    the cran
    ium was deformed and not intact. Incision over the scalp revealed
    haemorrhage benea
    th the skin and multiple fractures of the cranial (skull) bone.


  • These bone fragments were easily moved to display a large amount of haemorrhage
    within the skull and brain. The brain showed considerable external haemorrhage with
    some also in the ventricles and brain substance
    . This injury is consistent with a
    crushing, blunt trauma to the skull and brain.

    The third wound was on the right side of the neck about 4cm distal to the angle of
    the mandible (point of the jaw)
    , 3 to 4cm from dorsal (top) to ventral (bottom) and
    2cm wide at the centre. The edges of the wound were regular and smooth consistent
    with a sharp knife entry wound
    . Within the wound there was blood from the jugular
    vein
    , carotid artery and other smaller vessel that had been severed. A number of
    muscles were divided (severed). The trachea was divided (severed) leaving a
    smooth surface on each fragment
    . There was blood in both sections of the trachea
    and extending down into the bronchi
    .

    The skin of the neck was retracted and revealed subcutaneous haemorrhage
    extending from the posterior skull along the dorsum (top) of the cervical area to
    almost the level of the scapula and shoulder. This indicated that there was bleeding
    from the head wounds during life.

    The chest cavity was opened and contained lungs that partly contained air and partly
    conta
    ined blood particularly on the right. The distribution of the air was consistent
    with aspiration of blood during breathing
    .

    The abdomen, hind limbs and lumbosacral spine were examined and did not reveal
    any abnormality
    .

    INTERPRETATION

    The first wound to the face was consistent with a gunshot from above, the bullet
    entering at the dorsal part of the r
    ight hand side and exiting at the level of the
    mandible and causing massive damage to that bone and teeth. That was likely to be
    the primary wound of a series of three wounds and is not likely to have been fatal
    .

    The second wound, to the skull and brain, caused extensive trauma/damage to both
    struc
    tures and is consistent with blunt trauma caused by a blow with a heavy object.
    Considering the bleeding along the dorsum of the neck and the series of three
    assaults on this kangaroo
    , this trauma to the head was unlikely to have caused
    immediate death.

    The third wound is consistent with a penetrating knife wound to the neck. The skin,
    muscle, vessels and trachea were divided in such a manner as to be also consistent
    with a deep kni
    fe injury. The presence of blood aspirated into the trachea, bronchi
    and lung is consistent with aspiration before death
    .

    The above series of lesions indicates that the kangaroo was first shot, then
    bludgeoned on the head and then stabbed i
    n the neck. The evidence is consistent
    w
    ith the kangaroo being alive until finally being exsanguinated and asphyxiated by a
    laceration to the t
    hroat. The kangaroo very likely suffered severe pain and distress
    fo
    r some time during this progressive attack, until the fatal exsanguination and
    asphyxiation.

    Yours sincerely

    Dr Howard Ralph

    ANIMAL.
    JUSTICE PARTY

    … a better life for all

    Postal address:     Email: info@animaljusticeparty.org

    PO Box toto     Web: www.animaljusticeparty.org

    Strawberry Hills NSW

    The following graphic and distressing images of slaughtered Eastern Grey kangaroos are a
    sample of that taken at the Kama Nature Reserve burial pit
    .

    The images show kangaroos having being shot through the jaw and neck, despite ACT
    Go
    vernment claims that kangaroos are killed by a single lethal shot to the head by expert
    marksmen.

    The images show infants having had their heads sawn off, in what must be considered a highly
    brutal
    and violent act. The images also show the bodies of a high proportion of viable kangaroo
    young
    (approximate weight 500 grams) despite statements by the ACT Government that such
    culls are undert
    aken during May to avoid inpouch joeys being impacted on by such killing
    programs
    .






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